A new model for low-dose food challenge in children with allergy to milk and egg
2006 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253 (print), 1651-2227 (online), Vol. 95, no 9, 1133-1139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Atopic eczema and food allergy are common in early childhood. Children seem to gradually develop tolerance to milk and egg, and it is a relief for families when their child can tolerate small amounts of these basic foods, even if larger doses may still cause symptoms. Aim: To develop a model for low-dose oral food challenge, facilitating re-/introduction of milk or egg. Methods: In 39 children sensitized to milk and/or egg, we performed 52 challenges using a new standardized model for low-dose oral food challenge. The recipes were validated for blinding with sensorial tests. Results: Four children challenged to milk had a positive challenge outcome. There were no significant differences with respect to family history, associated atopic manifestations, nutritional supply, eczema severity, or skin-prick test compared with the non-reacting children, but total and specific IgE values were significantly higher. All but two of the non-reacting children were able to introduce milk and egg into their diet without problems.
Conclusion: We report recipes and a protocol to be used for standardized open and double-blind placebo-controlled low-dose food challenge in young children, enabling the introduction of small amounts of egg and milk into the diet during tolerance development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 95, no 9, 1133-1139 p.
Atopic eczema; double-blind; food allergy; food challenge; skin-prick test
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14561DOI: 10.1080/08035250500516672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14561DiVA: diva2:23730