Decentralised Management and Community Participation: A Minor Field Study about Irrigation and Communication in Central India
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
India and many other developing countries confront serious problems of declining water tables. In India there is no real water shortage, but ineffective use of surface water leads to freshwater run-off. By building dams and irrigation water systems the Indian government has been trying to find a more effective use of surface water and thereby increase the agricultural productivity. But mismanagement of irrigation systems by local governments called for alternative management techniques, and during the last decades the central Indian government has been trying to decentralise management and governance of irrigation water to local water users. This Minor Field Study (MFS) focuses on a local implementation of Participatory Irrigation Management in the Indian state Madhya Pradesh. The aim of the thesis is to analyse the way the local government handles the decentralisation of irrigation water management, by identify and illuminate communication channels. The thesis is built on the basic idea that functioning environmental communication is the key to reach a functioning decentralised and sustainable water management. Interviews with local government officials, citizens of a local village, and staff from a locally involved NGO within a case study constitute most of the empirical data. Theories of decentralisation of natural resource management, community participation, communication, and NGO cooperation are presented. With starting point in the empirical material and the presented theories has way the local government handles the decentralisation process, and the role of the locally involved NGO, been analysed. The study shows shortcomings in: education of stakeholders, communication training among government officials, trust in the capability of local water users, and communication between stakeholders. The study also enlighten the government officials fear of losing political power, the NGOs role as communication channel, and the formation of locally rooted organisations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tema vatten i natur och samhälle , 2007. , 34 p.
Participatory Irrigation Management, Water Users Association, Communication, Community Participation, NGO
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9059ISRN: LIU-TEMA/MV-D--07/04--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9059DiVA: diva2:23736