Human Rights In Islam: A Pluralistic Approach
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Human rights as codified in international documents are claims every human being have by virtue of being a human. Meaning that every state must ensure, through its laws, that each individual is guaranteed these claims or rights equally. Islamic principles like other religions are obligations that its members (Muslims) must perform rather than claims. Therefore, it is possible that individual rights may not be respected within Islamic principles because, of the differences in their origin and emphasis, one is a claim and the other a duty of believers.
The concern of violating rights of other people within Islamic law calls into attention how Islamic principles can be applied in a state while guaranteeing human rights as universal principles.
This study discusses various approaches proposed by Muslim authors on how human rights can be justified in Islam. Since human rights are political concepts, in the sense that each state must ensure that human beings go about their life freely, they should be the focus of consensus among different doctrines in a modern state. That is a principle to justify human rights in Islam must consider the fact of pluralism of religious doctrines and how all are included in the political process of the state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Centrum för tillämpad etik , 2007. , 59 p.
Human Rights, Political concept, Islam, Sharia, Muslim, Overlapping Consensus
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9125ISRN: LIU-CTE-AE-EX--07/07--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9125DiVA: diva2:23760