Stress-induced barrier disruption of the follicle-associated epithelium involves corticotropin-releasing hormone, vasoactive intestinal peptide and mast cells
2010 (English)In: Neurogastroenterology and Motility, ISSN 1350-1925, E-ISSN 1365-2982, Vol. 22, no 7, 770-e222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background The follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) is specialized in uptake and sampling of luminal antigens and bacteria. We previously showed that stress increased FAE permeability in rats. An increased uptake may alter antigen exposure in Peyers patches leading to intestinal disease. The aim of this study was to elucidate mechanisms involved in the acute stress-induced increase in FAE permeability. Methods Rats were pretreated i.p. with corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRH-R) antagonist, neurokinin receptor 1 (NK-1R) antagonist, atropine, the mast cell stabilizer doxantrazole (DOX), or NaCl, and submitted to 1-h acute water avoidance stress. FAE tissues were mounted in Ussing chambers for measurements of permeability to 51Cr-EDTA, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and chemically killed Escherichia coli K-12. Further, FAE segments were exposed in vitro in chambers to CRH, substance P (SP), carbachol, and DOX. Neurotransmitter- and receptor distribution was studied by immunohistochemistry. Key Results Stress-induced increases in uptake across FAE of HRP and E. coli were reduced by DOX, CRH-R antagonist and atropine, whereas the NK-1R antagonist decreased 51Cr-EDTA permeability. Exposure to CRH and carbachol increased HRP and E. coli passage, whereas SP increased bacterial and 51Cr-EDTA permeability. DOX counteracted all of these effects. Immunohistochemistry revealed CRH, acetylcholine, SP, and their receptors on mast cells within the Peyers patches, subepithelial dome, and adjacent villi. Conclusions & Inferences Corticotropin-releasing hormone and acetylcholine signaling affect mainly transcellular permeability while SP seems more selective toward the paracellular pathways. Our findings may be of importance for the understanding of the pathogenesis of stress-related intestinal disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 22, no 7, 770-e222 p.
inflammatory bowel disease; neurotrans-mitter; permeability; Peyers patches; Ussing chamber
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14565DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01471.xISI: 000278525200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14565DiVA: diva2:23837