Simulation of a Distributed Implementation of an Adaptive Cruise Controller
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Much functionality of today's vehicles runs as software on embedded computer systems. This includes, for example, automatic climate control and engine control.
As the processors necessarily are located in diffent physical locations inside the vehicle wires must be drawn between processors that need to communicate. Therefore, it is typical to have one or several buses connecting the processors in an embedded computer network, thus creating a distributed system. As some parts of the system in the car have real-time properties, it is necessary to validate that the real-time properties are upheld in the distributed system.
This thesis presents the design and implementation of an adaptive cruise controller (ACC), which is a cruise controller that also keeps a minimum distance to the closest vehicle in front. Further, the performance of the ACC has been evaluated using an existing system-level simulator for distributed real-time systems together with metrics for Quality-of-Control (QoC).
The ACC has then been simulated under different scenarios. The scenarios include outside conditions, for example the slope of the road, the behaviour of the vehicle in front, and the desired velocity, as well as internal conditions as adding different amounts of extra load on the processors and the bus.
The results show that the functionality of the ACC starts deteriorating when the extra load on the nodes reaches high levels. When the extra load reaches very high levels, the ACC stops functioning completely. The results also show that the extra load on the bus has very little effect on the performance of the ACC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för datavetenskap , 2007. , 54 p.
Adaptive Cruise Controller, Simulation, Embedded Real-Time Distributed System
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9357ISRN: LITH-IDA/DS-EX--07/007--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9357DiVA: diva2:23883
2007-06-13, Donald Knuth, B-huset, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15