Modelling Chlorine Transport in Temperate Soils
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Microbes have been suggested to have a strong impact on the transportation of chlorine in soils. There are speculations about environmental factors limiting microbial effect on chlorine movement and retention. For this study, a numerical hydrochemical model was built to describe microbial transformation of chlorine in a laboratory lysimeter experiment. Undisturbed soil cores used to set-up the experiment were collected from a coniferous forest soil in southeast Sweden. The lysimeters were modelled in groups depending on their different water and chloride treatments. Microbial transformation of chlorine was better described under high water residence times and high chloride loads compared to low water residence times and low chloride loads. Microbial activity was also shown to properly account for a sudden shift from net-chlorine retention to net chlorine release in most of the lysimeters. Oxygen proved to be very important in accounting for the short-term shift from chloride retention to release in all the lysimeters. Model outcome revealed that 0.02– 0.10 mg Cl- could be available per day in a coniferous soil depending on season and other soil conditions. This study shows that modeling enable a better understanding of chlorine biogeochemistry. It also confirms the speculated importance of microbial activities on chloride availability in soils.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tema vatten i natur och samhälle , 2007. , 42 p.
Hydrochemical model, chlorine biogeochemistry, microbial retention and oxygen
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9524ISRN: LIU-TEMA/ES-D--07/07--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9524DiVA: diva2:23966
2007-06-15, Elysion, Temahuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings Universitiet, 09:15