Similar inhibition of platelet adhesion, P-selectin expression and plasma coagulation by ioversol, iodixanol and ioxaglate
2010 (English)In: The British Journal of Radiology, ISSN 0007-1285, Vol. 83, no 989, 401-410 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Contrast media (CM) are reported to possess both pro-thrombotic and anticoagulant properties. The mechanisms are not clearly understood and early reports are contradictory. To study the effects of CM on haemostasis, we analysed the ex vivo effects of ioversol and iodixanol on platelet adhesion and P-selectin expression, and the in vitro effects of ioversol, iodixanol and ioxaglate on platelet adhesion, P-selectin expression and plasma coagulation. A novel enzymatic assay was used to measure platelet adhesion to protein surfaces and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure platelet P-selectin surface expression. Pro-thrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were used to measure plasma coagulation. The ex vivo study consisted of blood from 27 outpatients administered ioversol and 9 patients administered iodixanol intravenously. Samples were collected before and 5 min after CM administration. Healthy donors were used for the in vitro studies on the effects of CM. The ex vivo study showed significantly (p<0.05) decreased platelet adhesion and P-selectin expression after administration of ioversol and iodixanol. Adhesion was more affected than P-selectin expression. The in vitro study showed that ioversol, iodixanol and ioaxaglate significantly (p<0.05) and dose dependently (beginning at 3 mg ml(-1)) decreased platelet adhesion and P-selectin expression. APTT and PT were significantly (p<0.01) prolonged at concentrations of 10 mg ml(-1) and 30 mg ml(-1), respectively. In conclusion, ioversol, iodixanol and ioxaglate inhibit platelet adhesion and P-selectin expression, as well as plasma coagulation. Platelets are more sensitive in relation to the inhibiting effect on plasma coagulation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 83, no 989, 401-410 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-20991DOI: 10.1259/bjr/71758045ISI: 000277352900011PubMedID: 19546176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-20991DiVA: diva2:240315