Differential inside-out activation of β2 integrins by leukotriene B4 and fMLP in human neutrophils
2004 (English)In: Experimental Cell Research, ISSN 0014-4827, Vol. 300, no 2, 308-319 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have investigated how LTB4, an endogenous chemoattractant encountered early in the inflammatory process, and fMLP, a bacteria-derived chemotactic peptide emanating from the site of infection, mediate inside-out regulation of the β2-integrin. The role of the two chemoattractants on β2-integrin avidity was investigated by measuring their effect on β2-integrin clustering and surface mobility, whereas their effect on β2-integrin affinity was measured by the expression of a high affinity epitope, a ligand-binding domain on β2-integrins, and by integrin binding to s-ICAM. We find that the two chemoattractants modulate the β2-integrin differently. LTB4 induces an increase in integrin clustering and surface mobility, but only a modest increase in integrin affinity. fMLP evokes a large increase in β2-integrin affinity as well as in clustering and mobility. Lipoxin, which acts as a stop signal for the functions mediated by pro-inflammatory agents, was used as a tool for further examining the inside-out mechanisms. While LTB4-induced integrin clustering and mobility were inhibited by lipoxin, only a minor inhibition of fMLP-induced β2-integrin avidity and no inhibition of integrin affinity were detected. The different modes of the inside-out regulation of β2-integrins suggest that distinct mechanisms are involved in the β2-integrin modulation induced by various chemoattractants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 300, no 2, 308-319 p.
β2-Integrins, Cell adhesion, Chemotactic factors, Eicosanoids, Inflammation, Leukotriene B4, Lipoxins, Human Neutrophils, Signal transduction
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14629DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.07.015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14629DiVA: diva2:24060