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A comparison of SPS  and HP sintered, electroless copper plated carbon nanofibre composites for heat sink applications
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to synthesize a material with high thermal conductivity and a low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), useful as a heat sink. Carbon nanofibres (CNF) are first coated with copper by an electroless plating technique and then sintered to a solid sample by either spark plasma sintering (SPS) or hot pressing (HP). The final product is a carbon nanofibre reinforced copper composite. Two different fibre structures are considered: platlet (PL) and herringbone (HB). The influence of the amount of CNF reinforcement (6-24 %wt), on the thermal conductivity and CTE is studied. CNF has an excellent thermal conductivity in the direction along the fibre while it is poor in the transverse direction. The CTE is close to zero in the temperature range of interest. The adhesion of Cu to the CNF surface is in general poor and thus improving the the wetting of the copper by surface modifications of the fibres are of interest such that thermal gaps in the microstructure can be avoided. The poor wetting results in CNF agglomerates, resulting in an inhomogeneous microstructure. In this report a combination of three different types of surface modifications has been tested: (1) electroless deposition of copper was used to improve Cu impregnation of CNF; (2) heat treatment of CNF to improve wetting; and (3) introduction of a Cr buffer layer to further enhance wetting. The obtained composite microstructures are characterized in terms of chemical composition, grain size and degree of agglomeration. In addition their densities are also reported. The thermal properties were evaluated in terms of thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity and CTE. Cr/Cu coated platelet fibres (6wt% of CNF reinforcement) sintered by SPS is the sample with the highest thermal conductivity, ~200 W/Km. The thermal conductivity is found to decrease with increasing content of CNFs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 71 p.
Keyword [en]
electroless plating, SPS, spark plasma sintering, HP, hot pressing, CNF, carbon nanofibre, carbon nanofiber, heat sinks, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, Cu, composite, flash technique
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21106ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--09/2150--SEOAI: diva2:240721
Subject / course
2009-06-03, Jordan Fermi, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 14:00 (English)
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2009-09-30 Created: 2009-09-29 Last updated: 2012-01-05Bibliographically approved

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Ullbrand, Jennifer
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