Exploratory learning structures in artificial cognitive systems
2009 (English)In: Image and Vision Computing, ISSN 0262-8856, Vol. 27, no 11, 1671-1687 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The major goal of the COSPAL project is to develop an artificial cognitive system architecture, with the ability to autonomously extend its capabilities. Exploratory learning is one strategy that allows an extension of competences as provided by the environment of the system. Whereas classical learning methods aim at best for a parametric generalization, i.e., concluding from a number of samples of a problem class to the problem class itself, exploration aims at applying acquired competences to a new problem class, and to apply generalization on a conceptual level, resulting in new models. Incremental or online learning is a crucial requirement to perform exploratory learning. In the COSPAL project, we mainly investigate reinforcement-type learning methods for exploratory learning, and in this paper we focus on the organization of cognitive systems for efficient operation. Learning is used over the entire system. It is organized in the form of four nested loops, where the outermost loop reflects the user-reinforcement-feedback loop, the intermediate two loops switch between different solution modes at symbolic respectively sub-symbolic level, and the innermost loop performs the acquired competences in terms of perception-action cycles. We present a system diagram which explains this process in more detail. We discuss the learning strategy in terms of learning scenarios provided by the user. This interaction between user (teacher) and system is a major difference to classical robotics systems, where the system designer places his world model into the system. We believe that this is the key to extendable robust system behavior and successful interaction of humans and artificial cognitive systems. We furthermore address the issue of bootstrapping the system, and, in particular, the visual recognition module. We give some more in-depth details about our recognition method and how feedback from higher levels is implemented. The described system is however work in progress and no final results are available yet. The available preliminary results that we have achieved so far, clearly point towards a successful proof of the architecture concept.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 27, no 11, 1671-1687 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21198DOI: 10.1016/j.imavis.2009.02.012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-21198DiVA: diva2:240894
Michael Felsberg, Johan Wiklund and Gösta Granlund, Exploratory learning structures in artificial cognitive systems, 2009, Image and Vision Computing, (27), 11, 1671-1687.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.