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Spectral analysis and synthesis of 1D dichotomous long-range correlated systems: From diffraction gratings to quantum wire
A. Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics, Ukrainian Academy of Science, Kharkov, Ukraine.
A. Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics, Ukrainian Academy of Science, Kharkov, Ukraine.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6708-1560
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2008 (English)In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, ISSN 0378-4371, E-ISSN 1873-2119, Vol. 387, no 19-20, 4733-4739 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Spectral properties of 1D systems with long-range correlated disorder and their response to an applied field are examined. An algorithm based on the additive multi-step Markov chains is used to analyze and synthesize layered systems consisting of two randomly alternated elements. Using an equation connecting the correlation and memory functions enables one to reveal the microscopic structure, which can be expressed in terms of the Markov chain conditional probability function. Specifically, a method of designing complex gratings with prescribed characteristics that simultaneously display periodic, quasi-periodic and random properties is emphasized. The tight-binding Schrödinger equation with a weak correlated disorder in the dichotomic potential exhibiting sharp transition in conductivity is studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 387, no 19-20, 4733-4739 p.
Keyword [en]
Markov chain, Diffraction grating, Correlation function, Lyapunov exponent, Mobility edge
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14653DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2008.03.038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-14653DiVA: diva2:24117
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2017-12-13
In thesis
1. Spectra and Dynamics of Excitattions in Long-Range Correlated Strucutures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spectra and Dynamics of Excitattions in Long-Range Correlated Strucutures
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vad karaktäriserar en kristall? Svaret på denna till synes enkla fråga blir kanske att det är en anordning av atomer uppradade i periodiska mönster. Så ordnade strukturer kan studeras genom att det uppträder så kallade Braggtoppar i röntgendiffraktionsmönstret. Om frågan gäller elektrontäthetsfördelningen, kanske svaret blir att denna är periodisk och grundar sig på elektronvågor som genomtränger hela kristallen. I och med att nya typer av ordnade system, så kallade kvasikristaller, upptäcks och framställs på artificiell väg blir svaren på dessa frågor mer intrikata.

En kristall behöver inte bestå av enheter upprepade periodiskt i rummet, och den klassiska metoden att karaktärisera strukturer via röntgendiffraktionsmönstret kanske inte alls är den allena saliggörande. I denna avhandling visas att ett ordnat gitter vars röntgendiffraktionsmönster saknar inre struktur, dvs är av samma diffusa typ som vad ett oordnat material uppvisar, fortfarande kan ha elektronerna utsträckta över hela strukturen. Detta implicerar att det inte finns något enkelt samband mellan diffraktionsmönstret från gittret och dess fysikaliska egenskaper såsom t ex lokalisering av vågfunktionerna. Man talar om lokalisering när en vågfunktion är begränsad inom en del av materialet och inte utsträckt över hela dess längd, vilket är av betydelse när man vill avgöra huruvida ett material är en isolator, halvledare eller ledare. Det vittnar samtidigt om behovet av att söka efter andra karakteristika när man försöker beskriva skillnaden mellan ett ordnat och ett oordnat material, där den senare kategorin kan uppvisa lokalisering. Resultaten utgör en klassificering av det svåröverskådliga området aperiodiska gitter i en dimension. Det leder till hypotesen att ideala kvasikristaller, genererade med bestämda regler, har kontinuerligt energispektrum av fraktal natur.

I reella material spelar korrelation en viktig roll. Vid icke-linjär återkoppling till gittret kan man erhålla intrinsiskt lokaliserade vågor, som i många avseenden beter sig som partiklar, solitoner, vilka har visat sig ha viktiga tillämpningar inom bl a optisk telekommunikation. Sådana vågors roll for lagring och transport av energi har undersökts i teoretiska modeller for optiska vågledare och kristaller där ljuset har en förmåga att manipulera sig självt.

Abstract [en]

Spectral and dynamical properties of electrons, phonons, electromagnetic waves, and nonlinear coherent excitations in one-dimensional modulated structures with long-range correlations are investigated from a theoretical point of view.

First a proof of singular continuous electron spectrum for the tight-binding Schrödinger equation with an on-site potential, which, in analogy with a random potential, has an absolutely continuous correlation measure, is given. The critical behavior of such a localization phenomenon manifests in anomalous diffusion for the time-evolution of electronic wave packets. Spectral characterization of elastic vibrations in aperiodically ordered diatomic chains in the harmonic approximation is achieved through a dynamical system induced by the trace maps of renormalized transfer matrices. These results suggest that the zero Lebesgue measure Cantor-set spectrum (without eigenvalues) of the Fibonacci model for a quasicrystal is generic for deterministic aperiodic superlattices, for which the modulations take values via substitution rules on finite sets, independent of the correlation measure.

Secondly, a method to synthesize and analyze discrete systems with prescribed long-range correlated disorder based on the conditional probability function of an additive Markov chain is effectively implemented. Complex gratings (artificial solids) that simultaneously display given characteristics of quasiperiodic crystals and amorphous solids on the Fraunhofer diffraction are designated. A mobility edge within second order perturbation theory of the tight-binding Schrödinger equation with a correlated disorder in the dichotomic potential realizes the success of the method in designing window filters with specific spectral components.

The phenomenon of self-localization in lattice dynamical systems is a subject of interest in various physical disciplines. Lattice solitons are studied using the discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation with on-site potential, modeling coherent structures in, for example, photonic crystals. The instability-induced dynamics of the localized gap soliton is found to thermalize according to the Gibbsian equilibrium distribution, while the spontaneous formation of persisting intrinsic localized modes from the extended out-gap soliton reveals a phase transition of the solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, 2007. 52 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1109
Keyword
quasicrystals, deterministic aperiodic superlattices, Markov chains, electronic structure and diffusion, elastic vibrations, Fraunhofer diffraction, discrete solitons, phase transitions
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9727 (URN)978-91-85831-57-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-09-14, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 14:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-09-20 Created: 2007-09-20 Last updated: 2014-01-13

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Kroon, LarsJohansson, MagnusRiklund, Rolf

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