Measurement of radiation dose in dental radiology.
2005 (English)In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, ISSN 0144-8420, Vol. 114, 168-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Patient dose audit is an important tool for quality control and it is important to have a well-defined and easy to use method for dose measurements. In dental radiology, the most commonly used dose parameters for the setting of diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) are the entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) for intraoral examinations and dose width product (DWP) for panoramic examinations. DWP is the air kerma at the front side of the secondary collimator integrated over the collimator width and an exposure cycle. ESAK or DWP is usually measured in the absence of the patient but with the same settings of tube voltage (kV), tube current (mA) and exposure time as with the patient present. Neither of these methods is easy to use, and, in addition, DWP is not a risk related quantity. A better method of monitoring patient dose would be to use a dose area product (DAP) meter for all types of dental examinations. In this study, measurements with a DAP meter are reported for intraoral and panoramic examinations. The DWP is also measured with a pencil ionisation chamber and the product of DWP and the height that it is feasible to measure DAP using a DAP meter for both intraoral and panoramic examinations. The DAP is therefore recommended for the setting of DRLs. H (DWP H) of the secondary collimator (measured using film) was compared to DAP. The results show that it is feasible to measure DAP using a DAP meter for both intraoral and panoramic examinations. The DAP is therefore recommended for the setting of DRLs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 114, 168-171 p.
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21447DOI: 10.1093/rpd/nch502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-21447DiVA: diva2:241343