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Investigation of a Method for Determination of Anticomplementary Activity (ACA) in Octagam
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This Master Thesis was conducted at Octapharma AB in Stockholm.

Anticomplementary activity (ACA) is a measure of the product’s abilities to activate the complement system. IgG aggregates are mainly responsible for this activation. Two different performances of a method for determination of ACA in Octagam® are available. The two performances are based on the reference method for test of ACA in immunoglobulins in the European Pharmacopoeia Commission Guideline 6.0 (chapter 2.6.17). The method is carried out either in test tubes or on microtiter plates. The test tube method can be performed either in a manual manner or modified, being more automated. The latter performance has been applied in this study. The plate method is more automated than both of the tube methods. The plate method and the manual tube method have earlier seemed to result in different outcomes, which was the basis for this thesis.

The plate method and the modified test tube method have been compared and robustness parameters have been studied in order to see which factors influence on the end result. The adequacy of using Human Biological Reference Preparation (human BRP) as a control for the ACA method in general has also been investigated. Samples of the product are outside the scope of this thesis and have not been investigated.

According to this study, the plate method and the modified tube method are not comparable with regard to complement titration results and to ACA of the BRP control. A higher precision is gained with the plate method. This in combination with the higher degree of automation makes the plate method advantageous in several aspects. When it comes to the robustness of the ACA method in general, the sheep red blood cells (SRBC) used are critical. Haemolysin dilution and complement activity seem to be critical as well.

Human BRP is, according to this study more adequate as a reference for the plate method than for the tube method. An In house control is believed to be more representative to the ACA method in general as it is of the same nature as the samples analysed, in contrast to the human BRP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 57 p.
Keyword [en]
Anticomplementary activity (ACA), BRP positive control, European Pharmacopoeia, plate performance, test tube performance
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology Immunology Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-21468ISRN: LITH-IFM-EX--09/2207--SEOAI: diva2:241409
Subject / course
Life Earth Science
Available from: 2009-10-05 Created: 2009-10-02 Last updated: 2011-07-08Bibliographically approved

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