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La Commission européenne et ses pratiques communicatives: Étude des dimensions linguistiques et des enjeux politiques des communiqués de presse
Linköping University, Department of Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2007 (French)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Europeiska kommissionens kommunikativa praktiker : En studie av pressmeddelandenas språkliga och politiska dimensioner (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

I den här avhandlingen studeras Europeiska kommissionens kommunikativa praktiker i ljuset av de pressmeddelanden som dagligen distribueras till världens största presskår i Bryssel, men också via internet till andra journalister och allmänheten.

Övergripande syften med avhandlingen är att beskriva textproduktionen i denna en av världens största textproducenter och att lyfta fram den, hittills förvånansvärt osynliga, språkliga dimensionen av kommissionens kommunikation.

Avhandlingen tar avstamp i ett dialogiskt perspektiv på kommunikation, där kommunikation förstås som en dynamisk process i vilken människor (sam)agerar i ett givet sammanhang. Avgörande blir således att se pressmeddelandena som en del av den produktions- och distributionskontext de ingår i, både på lokal nivå och på en mer övergripande institutionell nivå.

Empiriskt bygger avhandlingen på fältstudier vid Europeiska kommissionen och textanalyser av pressmeddelanden från kommissionen och från franska och svenska departement. Pressmeddelandena studeras både som process och produkt: formuleringsprocesser å ena sidan och textmönster och tempusbruk å den andra. Som ett exempel detaljstuderas produktionen av två pressmeddelanden mot bakgrund av skribenternas förklaringar och motiveringar till sina ändringar. Med sin unika inblick i hur ett pressmeddelande blir till steg för steg och av olika aktörer utgör denna del ett viktigt bidrag till forskningen om pressmeddelanden, som först på senare år blivit mer processinriktad.

De olika delstudierna ger alla vid handen att kommissionen, enkelt uttryckt, måste arbeta mer för att underbygga sin argumentation och för att göra sina initiativ mer begripliga, legitima och motiverade. Detta kan i stor utsträckning tillskrivas den mer komplicerade kommunikationssituationen som gäller för kommissionen i förhållande till de nationella departement som är jämförelsematerial i studien.

Abstract [en]

The thesis investigates the European Commission’s communicative practices in the light of the press releases that are distributed daily to the world’s largest press corps in Brussels and on the Internet to other journalists and the general public.

The overall aim of the thesis is to describe the text production of one of the largest text producers in the world and to highlight the linguistic dimensions of the Commission’s communicative practices, which until now have received little scholarly attention. The study adopts a dialogical perspective on communication, where communication is understood as a dynamic process in which people interact in a given context. This means that the press releases are seen as parts of the production and distribution context in which they are embedded, both on a local level and on a more general institutional level.

The empirical data on which the study is based comprise field studies at the European Commission and text analyses of press releases issued by the Commission and French and Swedish ministries. The press releases are analysed on different linguistic levels, text pattern and the use of tense, on the one hand, and composition processes on the other. As an example, the production of two press releases is studied in detail, in view of the authors’ comments to and motivations for changes to the texts. With its unique insight into how a press release is drafted step by step and by the different parties involved this part of the thesis is an important contribution to research on press releases, which only recently has become more oriented towards the production process.

The results of the analyses highlight the fact that the Commission, to a greater extent than the national ministries, must substantiate its argumentation and make its initiatives more comprehensible, legitimate, and motivated. This finding may be ascribed to the more complex communication situation of the Commission, compared to the national ministries, which served as material for comparison in the study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2007. , 399 + annexes 1-7 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 401Studies in Language and Culture, ISSN 1403-2570 ; 10
Keyword [en]
European Commission, EU, press releases, EU communication policy, communicative practices, communicative dilemma, communicative genres, communication situation, genre analysis, ethnography, tense variation, text pattern, text production
Keyword [sv]
Europeiska kommissionen, EU, pressmeddelanden, EU:s kommunikationspolitik, kommunikativa praktiker, kommunikativt dilemma, kommunikativa genrer, kommunikationssituation, genreanalys, etnografi, tempusvariation, textmönster, textproduktion
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9818Libris ID: 16953421ISBN: 9789185831012 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9818DiVA: diva2:24175
Public defence
2007-10-12, Key 1, Hus Key, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-09-19 Created: 2007-09-19 Last updated: 2017-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Lindholm, Maria

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