Can daily repeated doses of orally administered glucose induce tolerance when given for neonatal pain relief?
2004 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 93, no 2, 246-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: Orally administered sweet solutions have a pain-relieving effect during painful procedures in newborn infants. The underlying mechanism is not fully understood, but, from the results of animal research, an opioid-like mechanism is often suggested. The aim of this study was to determine whether repeated doses of orally administered glucose would cause tolerance to glucose.
Methods: Fifty-seven healthy, full-term infants were recruited on the day of birth to receive three daily doses of either 1 ml 30% glucose or sterile water for 3–5 d, after which routine blood samples were collected by heel-lance. All infants received 1 ml 30% glucose before the heel-lance was carried out. Crying time, Premature Infant Pain Profile scores and changes in heart rate were used as pain measures.
Results: No differences were found between the groups, either in demographic data or in the outcome variables.
Conclusion: No tolerance was observed under the conditions prevailing in this study. However, we cannot rule out an endogenous opioid mechanism. What is clinically important is that repeated doses of glucose do not decrease the pain-relieving effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 93, no 2, 246-249 p.
glucose, neonatal pain, tolerance
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22026DOI: 10.1080/08035250310008041Local ID: 1060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-22026DiVA: diva2:242328