Domestic strain: A hindrance in rehabilitation?
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 18, no 1, 49-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders has increased, especially for women. The aim of this paper was to explore women's and men's descriptions of the private arena in relation to rehabilitation and sickness absence. This study is part of a larger project focusing on consequences of sick leave. Individual interviews were conducted in 1997 and 1998 with 20 women and men who had been long-term sick-listed in 1985 with musculo-skeletal diagnoses. The data were analysed using Grounded theory in combination with gender analysis, which involved separately comparing men's and women's statements in order to find similarities and differences. According to the interviewees, factors in the private arena were closely associated with the rehabilitation process. Women described themselves as being responsible for the domestic work while men more often 'helped out' when asked to do so. Women and men described similar strategies to facilitate domestic work. Three dimensions of domestic life were identified, comprising division of domestic work and division of responsibility for domestic life and the amount of socio-emotional support or isolation at home. Using these dimensions, a 'domestic strain model' was developed. Our study indicates that long-term sicklisted women experiencing domestic strain would rather stay at home than return to work. Domestic strain involves inequities in the division of work and responsibilities and a lack of socio-emotional support at home. However, the model of domestic strain needs further empirical testing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 18, no 1, 49-56 p.
gender, sick leave, sickness absence, back, neck or shoulder pain, qualitative interview, musculoskeletal diagnoses.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22066DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2004.00254.xLocal ID: 1143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-22066DiVA: diva2:242379