Electrolyte-Based Organic Electronic Devices
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The discovery of semi-conducting and conducting organic materials has opened new possibilities for electronic devices and systems. Applications, previously unattainable for conventional electronics, have become possible thanks to the development of conjugated polymers. Conjugated polymers that are both ion- and electron conducting, allow for electrochemical doping and de-doping via reversible processes as long as both forms of conduction remain available. Doping causes rearrangement of the -system along the polymer backbone, and creates new states in the optical band gap, resulting in an increased electronic conductivity and also control of the color (electrochromism). Doping can also occur by charge injection at a metal – semiconducting polymer interface. Electrochemical electronic devices and solid state devices based on these two types of doping are now beginning to enter the market.
This thesis deals with organic based-devices whose working mechanism involves electrolytes. After describing the properties of conjugated polymers, fundamentals on electrolytes (ionic conductivity, types, electric double layer and the electric field distribution) are briefly presented. Thereafter, a short review of the field of organic field effect transistors as well as a description of transistors that are gated via an electrolyte will be reviewed.
Paper I present a novel technique to visualize the electric field within a two-dimensional electrolyte by applying the electrolyte over an array of electronically isolated islands of electrochromic polymer material on a plastic foil. By observing the color change within each polymer island the direction and the magnitude of the electric field can be measured. This technology has applications in electrolyte evaluation and is also applicable in bio-analytical measurements, including electrophoresis. The focus of paper II lies on gating an organic field effect transistor (OFET) by a polyanionic proton conductor. The large capacitance of the electric double layer (EDL) that is formed at organic semiconductor/polyelectrolyte upon applying a potential to the gate, results in low operation voltages and fast response. This type of transistor that is gated via electric double layer capacitor is called EDLC-OFET. Because an electrolyte is used as a gate insulator, the role of the ionic conductivity of the electrolyte is considered in paper III. The effect on the electronic performance of the transistor is studied as well by varying the humidity level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap , 2007. , 38 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1330
Conjugated polymers, Electrolytes, Organic Field Effect Transistors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-9955ISBN: 978-91-85895-90-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-9955DiVA: diva2:24248
2007-09-28, TP2, Täppan, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
Forchheimer, Robert, Professor
List of papers