Colocalization of insulin receptor and insulin receptor substrate-1 to caveolae in primary human adipocytes
2004 (English)In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 271, no 12, 2471-2479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Caveolae are plasma membrane invaginations with several functions, one of which appears to be to organize receptor mediated signalling. Here we report that in primary human subcutaneous adipocytes the insulin receptor was localized to caveolae by electron microscopy/immunogold detection and by isolating caveolae from plasma membranes. Part of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), the immediate downstream signal mediator, was colocalized with the insulin receptor in the plasma membrane and caveolae, as demonstrated by immunofluorescence microscopy, immunogold electron microscopy, and immunogold electron microscopy of transfected recombinant HA-IRS1. In contrast, rat epididymal adipocytes lacked IRS1 at the plasma membrane. Depletion of cholesterol from the cells using β-cyclodextrin blocked insulin stimulation of glucose uptake, insulin inhibition of perilipin phosphorylation in response to isoproterenol, and insulin stimulation of protein kinase B and Map-kinases extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)1/2 phosphorylation. Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of the insulin receptor and IRS1 was not affected, indicating that caveolae integrity is required downstream of IRS1. In conclusion we show that insulin receptor and IRS1 are both caveolar proteins and that caveolae are required for both metabolic and mitogenic control in human adipocytes. Our results establish caveolae as foci of insulin action and stress the importance of examining human cells in addition to animal cells and cell lines.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 271, no 12, 2471-2479 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22408DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04177.xLocal ID: 1620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-22408DiVA: diva2:242721