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ALLBATROS advanced long life blade turbine coating systems
Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales, France.
Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales, France.
CIRIMAT––ENSIACET-INPT, Toulouse, France.
CIRIMAT––ENSIACET-INPT, Toulouse, France.
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2004 (English)In: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 24, no 11-12, 1745-1753 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The scientific and technological objectives of this program are to increase the efficiency, reliability and maintainability of industrial gas turbine blades and vanes by

• developing coatings that can warrant a 50 000 h life, i.e. twice that of the usual life, of the hot components (800–1100 °C) even with the use of renewable fuels such as biomass gas or recovery incinerator gas i.e. low-grade fuels with high pollutant levels,

• characterising advanced existing coatings to assess lifetime and performance of coatings and coated materials,

• providing material coating data and design criteria to use coating as a design element,

• increasing the fundamental understanding of the behaviour of coated materials, their degradation, fracture mechanisms and engineering because of the strong need for a mechanism-based modelling of durability.

These programmes permitted the selection of two reference coatings and the development of two innovative coatings. Concurrently work has been done in order to develop corrosion, oxidation and thermo-mechanical property models. Correlations between coatings development, experimental results and calculations will be discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 24, no 11-12, 1745-1753 p.
Keyword [en]
MCrAlY, Aluminium, Oxidation, Corrosion, Thermo-mechanics, Turbine
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22775DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2003.11.018ISI: 000222717900018Local ID: 2106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-22775DiVA: diva2:243088
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13
In thesis
1. Isothermal low cycle fatigue of uncoated and coated nickel-base superalloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Isothermal low cycle fatigue of uncoated and coated nickel-base superalloys
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

High strength nickel-base superalloys have been used in turbine blades for many years because of their superior performance at high temperatures. However, the superalloys have limited oxidation and corrosion resistance and to solve this problem, protective coatings are deposited on the surface of the superalloys.

The positive effect of coatings is based on protecting the surface zone in contact with hot gas atmosphere with elements like aluminium, chromium, which form a thermodynamically stable oxide layer that acts as a diffusion barrier to slow down the react ion between the substrate material and the aggressive environment. There are also other degradation mechanisms that affect nickel-base superalloys such as aging of microstructure, fatigue and creep. Long-term aging in metallic coating results in the changes of mechanical properties due to the significant interdiffusion of the main alloying elements between substrate and coatings. However, application of the coatings has mechanical side effects, the significance of which is not yet fully investigated.

This work covers a study on the fatigue behaviour of a polycrystalline, IN792, and two single crystal nickel-base superalloys, CMSX-4 and SCB, coated with three different coatings, an overlay coating AMDRY997, a platinum aluminide modified diffusion coating RT22 and an innovative coating with an interdiffusion barrier of NiW called ICl , under low cycle fatigue loading conditions. Both low cycle fatigue properties, cyclic strain and stress response and fracture behaviour of the uncoated, coated and long-term aged coated specimens are presented.

The main conclusions are that at 500oC the presence of the coatings have, in most cases, reduced the fatigue lives of the nickel-base substrates while at 900oC the coatings do improve the fatigue lives of the superalloys except RT22 coated on some superalloys and under certain test conditions. The reduction of the fatigue life at 500oC can be related to early cracking of the coatings below their ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT), where their surface roughness can act as notches affecting fatigue crack initiation. The beneficial effect of the coating at 900oC may be due to slower crack propagation caused by oxidation at the front of the crack tip. The tests also indicate that long-term aging influences the fatigue and fracture behaviour of coated superalloys by oxidation and diffusion mechanisms when compared to non-aged and uncoated samples. The aged samples exhibit longer life in some cases and shorter life during other test conditions. Fatigue cracks were in most cases initiated at the surface of the coatings, growing intergranularly perpendicular to the load axis.

Publisher
30 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1120
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22795 (URN)2128 (Local ID)91-85295-58-2 (ISBN)2128 (Archive number)2128 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-31

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Ericsson, TorstenStekovic, Svjetlana

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