The roles of IT: studies of organising when implementing and using enterprise systems
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This study concerns implementation and use of enterprise systems (ERP systems) in complex organisations. The purpose of this thesis is to problematise and understand the social organising of information technology in organisations, by studying the implementation and use of enterprise system. This is done by using a multi-theoretical perspective and studying cases of complex organisations with a qualitative and interpretive research method.
The study manages to give a more profound understanding of the roles of the technology. It is found that the enterprise systems act as Bureaucrat, Manipulator, Administrative assistant, Consultant or is dismissed, in the sense that intended users chose to avoid using them. These roles of information technology are formed in a rather complex organising process. A Structuration Theory Analytical Model and Procedure (STAMP) is developed, that serves to illuminate the dynamic relationships of individuals' or groups' interpretations, power and norms and how that affects the implementation and use of enterprise systems. The roles were also found to be different for individuals in similar work conditions. This was due to how they learned their job, what understanding of the job they developed, and what competences they developed. The different kinds of competences found, requested different support from the technology and it also made the individuals take a different approach towards how to use the technology. The study also explores why emotions appear and what they affect, and identifies patterns of emotions and emotional transitions that appear during implementation and use of an enterprise system.
The social aspect of using technology is in focus in this thesis. And thus, the technology is not just a tool to make excellent use of; it becomes something more - an actor with different roles. The main contribution is the development of a language and an approach to how to understand the use and implementation of enterprise systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2004. , 258 p.
Dissertations from the International Graduate School of Management and Industrial Engineering, ISSN 1402-0793 ; 80Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 870
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22910Local ID: 2264ISBN: 91-7373-936-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-22910DiVA: diva2:243223
2004-05-28, Visionen, Hus B, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)