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On the microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-Al alloys
Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The microstructural features and the mechanical properties of binary Mg-Al alloys have been investigated by using a gradient solidification technique. Homogeneous and nearly defect-free samples were produced under well controlled cooling conditions, through which the microstructural characteristics as well as the relationships between microstructure and mechanical properties in Mg-AI alloys were precisely defined.

It was found that the eutectic structure Mg-AI alloys becomes more and more divorced when increasing the cooling rate and by decreasing the AI concentration. A concept called divorced degree is introduced in this work to quantify the divorced level of the alloys, by which other structural parameters can be also quantified, including the eutectic fraction and, solid solution aluminium concentrations in the matrix. Concerning the relation between the microstructure and mechanical properties, it is found that yield strength and hardness are mainly dependent on the structural spacings (grain sizes and dendrite arm spacing, DAS) and solid solution aluminium content in the a-phase. For higher aluminium containing alloys (larger than 10wt% AI) the rigid eutectic networks will also contribute to the strength and hardness. All the microstructural parameters contribute to the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) as well as fracture elongation of the alloys. The premium combination was found in Mg-8AI alloy, where the highest UTS and relatively high elongation can be achieved. Mathematical modeling has been performed to relate the microstructural parameters and casting conditions, such as grain size, volume fraction of different phases, solid solute AI concentration and cooling rate, to the mechanical properties of the alloys, including yield strength, hardness and fracture elongation. The distinguishing differences in the mechanical behaviour between pressure die-cast magnesium alloy components and other casting processes were also investigated. The differences were related to mould constraint in the die during the cooling sequence.

One special and severe defect called segregation band which occurs in die-cast magnesium alloy components has also been investigated. A new theory to describe the segregation band formation mechanism during die casting has been proposed in this work. The tensile stresses built up in the residual liquid due to the solidification (and cooling) shrinkage of the casting, which cause a pressure drop and viscous flow of enriched liquid inside the mushy zone, is believed to be the main reason for segregation band formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping , 2004. , 34 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1087
Keyword [en]
Mg-AI, microstructure, mechanical properties, divorced degree, modeling, mould constraint, segregation band
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23151Local ID: 2555ISBN: 91-7373-934-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-23151DiVA: diva2:243465
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-11-04
List of papers
1. Effect of microstructure on mechanical properties of as-cast Mg-Al alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of microstructure on mechanical properties of as-cast Mg-Al alloys
2004 (English)In: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, ISSN 1073-5623, E-ISSN 1543-1940, Vol. 35, no 1, 309-319 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The mechanical properties of Mg-Al alloys are mainly determined by the microstructure, i.e., the amount and morphology of the phases, but also by the presence of defects arising from the melt handling and casting process. In order to obtain information about the isolated effect of the microstructure, it is, therefore, necessary to minimize the amounts of defects. In this study, this has been achieved by remelting and solidifying the alloys in a gradient furnace. The drawing rate was varied from 0.3 to 6 mm/s, which yielded a wide variety of microstructures. Three samples were produced for each parameter set, in order to have a statistical basis for the evaluation. The results showed that homogeneous and reproducible samples could be produced, and that the tensile properties obtained showed a very small scatter. The effects of microstructural parameters such as grain size, secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS), eutectic fraction, and eutectic morphology on the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), fracture elongation, and hardness has been investigated.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85320 (URN)10.1007/s11661-004-0132-6 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07
2. Modeling of microstructure: mechanical property relations in cast Mg-Al alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modeling of microstructure: mechanical property relations in cast Mg-Al alloys
2003 (English)In: International Conference on Modeliing of Casting Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes X, 2003, 165-172 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Binary MG-Al alloys ranging from 3-15 wt% Al have been investigated by gradient solidification techniques, which gives homogeneous and nearly defect-free tensile test samples. Based on the experimental results, models have been developed which describe the effect of microstructiral parameters and cooling conditions, such as grain size of α-pohase, volume fraction of the eutectic phase and cooling rate, on the tensile properties, such as hardness, yield strenght and fracture elongation.

Keyword
Mg-Al alloys, gradient solidification, modelling, microstructure, mechanical properties, hardness, elongation, yield strength, tensile strenght, divorced euectic
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-30038 (URN)15491 (Local ID)15491 (Archive number)15491 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Modelling of Casting Welding and Advanced Solidification Provesses X, Sandestin, Florida, May 25-30, 2003
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-11-04
3. On the reliability of yield strength data evaluated from as-cast tensile test bars of Mg-alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the reliability of yield strength data evaluated from as-cast tensile test bars of Mg-alloys
2003 (English)In: Magnesium: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications / [ed] Karl U. Kainer, 2003, 501-506 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Within the automotive sector, energetic efforts are today being made to decrease vehicle weight in order to minimize the emission of combustion gases. In the light of this work it is natural that the use of light metals, and especially magnesium, has increased considerably during the last 5-10 years. Some applications in cars where cast magnesium components are used today include seat frames, instrument panels, transfer cases, wheels, steering wheels and various kinds of housings.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85345 (URN)10.1002/3527603565.ch79 (DOI)
Conference
6th International Conference on Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications, Wolfsburg, Germany
Available from: 2012-11-19 Created: 2012-11-19 Last updated: 2013-11-04
4. On the mechanism of segregation band formation and its influence on the mechanical properties of pressure die cast magnesium alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the mechanism of segregation band formation and its influence on the mechanical properties of pressure die cast magnesium alloys
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Segregation bands which follow the contours of the outer surfaces of the casting are not uncommon in commercial magnesium pressure die castings. The presence of this type of defect has a strong detrimental effect on the mechanical properties. A few models have been proposed which tries to explain mechanisms behind the formation of this type of segregation bands. However, it is difficult to explain some phenomena which occur in real die cast components, using the models previously proposed. In this paper, a new model was suggested which is based on a coupled analysis of heat flow and volume changes during solidification. The formation of segregation bands was related to the pressure drop in the liquid, and the resulting flow of segregated liquid from the surrounding two-phase regions. Methods to prevent or decrease the formation of segregation bands have also been proposed and experimentally verified on real industrial castings. Finally, the influence of this type of defect on the mechanical properties of industrial castings has been studied and is presented in this paper.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100379 (URN)
Available from: 2013-11-04 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-04

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