Inhibition of puromycin-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells by IGF-I occurs simultaneously with increased protein synthesis
2004 (English)In: Neoplasma (Bratislava), ISSN 0028-2685, Vol. 51, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of the following work was to study the apoptosis inducing effect of puromycin in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and compare this effect with cycloheximide and emetine, 2 other inhibitors of protein synthesis. We also wished to investigate if the apoptosis modulating effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) was similar for the 3 inhibitors. An immunological assay, quantifying mono- and oligonucleosome fragments and morphological criteria after nuclear staining, were used to study apoptosis. Protein synthesis was measured by incorporation of 3H-leucine in the cells, and solution hybridization and Western blot were performed to estimate IGF-I receptor m-RNA and IGF-I receptor protein respectively. Puromycin at 0.5 μg/ml induced a high level of apoptosis in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, although there was still a non-negligible amount of synthesized protein. In the case of cycloheximide and emetine, apoptosis occured when protein synthesis was almost completely blocked. IGF-I at a concentration of 10 ng/ml significantly reduced the level of apoptosis induced by puromycin, emetine, or cycloheximide. We also noticed a parallel increase in 3H-leucine incorporation when apoptosis induced by puromycin was lowered as an effect of IGF-I, in contrast to cycloheximide and emetine where IGF-I reduced the apoptosis level without increasing the 3H-leucine incorporation. At a higher concentration of puromycin (5. 7 μg/ml), which blocked protein synthesis, IGF-I at 10 ng/ml did not reduce apoptosis. The level of IGF-I receptor m-RNA was not influenced by the use of a concentration of puromycin (0.5 μg/ml) inducing a high degree of apoptosis. These results suggest, that reduction of puromycin-induced apoptosis by IGF-I occurs simultaneously with increased protein synthesis, in contrast to emetine and cycloheximide. Furthermore it would appear that puromycin-induced apoptosis is not caused by reduced levels of IGF-I receptors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 51, no 1
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23811Local ID: 3334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-23811DiVA: diva2:244126