liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cognitive bias in dizziness: Emotional stroop and autobiographical memories
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Clinical and Social Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
Show others and affiliations
2004 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dizziness is commonly associated with anxiety, and is often caused by a dysfunction of the balance system. While a link between dizziness and both anxiety disorders and depression has been established, less is known about information processing in dizziness. In the first experiment we tested whether 15 patients with dizziness would display an emotional Stroop effect for panic-related words. Also included was a control group of 15 persons. The Stroop task was preceded by ratings of personal relevance of the Stroop words and followed by a surprise free recall of the words. Results showed a Stroop effect for panic-related words in the dizziness group, but the interaction did not reach significance (p = 0.08). Separate analysis of dizziness-related panic words however resulted in a significant group × condition interaction. In the free recall of Stroop words a main effect of word category was found, with more panic-related words being recalled. The second experiment investigated autobiographical memories in 14 patients with dizziness and 14 matched controls. Results showed a group × condition interaction with less specific memories being recalled following positive cue-words in the dizziness group. The overall pattern of results suggests that dizziness is related to deficits in information processing, which could be targeted in treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 33, no 4, 208-220 p.
Keyword [en]
Vestibular disorders, dizziness, emotional Stroop, autobiographical memory, panic
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23848DOI: 10.1080/16506070410030098Local ID: 3371OAI: diva2:244163
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2014-11-28

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Andersson, Gerhard
By organisation
Faculty of Arts and SciencesClinical and Social Psychology
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 189 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link