Prediction of psychological health after accidental burn
2004 (English)In: Journal of Trauma, ISSN 0022-5282, Vol. 57, 367--374 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Burn victims often display psychological symptoms that can impede recovery, but knowledge about risk factors for psychopathology is limited. The aim was to predict psychological health at three months post-burn from coping and trauma-related factors assessed early in hospitalization.
Methods: Thirty-four burn patients were interviewed during hospitalization about the accident and coping. Questionnaires were administered during hospitalization and at three months post-burn, including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised for posttraumatic stress symptoms (intrusion, avoidance, arousal) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for mood.
Results: Anxiety, depressive and avoidant symptoms at three months were highly predicted by baseline levels of these symptoms, and avoidant coping. Life threat when being burned predicted intrusive and arousal symptoms, and coping by Self-control predicted less intrusive symptoms. Burn severity was not predictive of psychological health.
Conclusions: Coping style, life threat during the accident and early symptomatology are strong predictors of post-burn psychopathology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 57, 367--374 p.
Anxiety, avoidance, coping, depression, interview, life threat, trauma
National CategorySocial Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23900Local ID: 3445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-23900DiVA: diva2:244215