Evaluation of bioimpedance spectroscopy for measurements of body water distribution in healthy women before, during, and after pregnancy
2004 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 96, no 3, 967-973 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a technique of interest in the study of human pregnancy because it can assess extracellular (ECW), intracellular (ICW), and total body water (TBW) as ECW plus ICW. The technique requires appropriate resistivity coefficients and has not been sufficiently evaluated during the reproductive cycle. Therefore, in a methodological study, we estimated ECW, ICW, and TBW, by means of BIS, and compared the results with the corresponding estimates obtained by using reference methods. Furthermore, results obtained by means of population-specific resistivity coefficients were compared with results obtained by means of general resistivity coefficients. These comparisons were made before pregnancy, in gestational weeks 14 and 32, as well as 2 wk postpartum in 21 healthy women. The reference methods were isotope and bromide dilution. Average ICW, ECW, and TBW, estimated by means of BIS, were in agreement with reference data before pregnancy, in gestational week 14, and postpartum. The corresponding comparison in gestational week 32 showed good agreement for ICW, whereas estimates by means of BIS were significantly (P < 0.001) lower than the corresponding reference values for ECW and TBW. Thus the BIS technique, which was based on a model developed for the nonpregnant body, estimated increases in ICW accurately, whereas increases in ECW and TBW tended to be underestimated. Estimates obtained by using population-specific and general resistivity coefficients were very similar. In conclusion, the results indicated that BIS is potentially useful for studies during pregnancy but that further work is needed before it can be generally applied in such studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 96, no 3, 967-973 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23933DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00900.2003Local ID: 3481OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-23933DiVA: diva2:244248