Spectral signature and heterodyne efficiency for different wavelengths in laser Doppler flowmetry
2002 (English)In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, ISSN 0140-0118, E-ISSN 1741-0444, Vol. 40, no 1, 85-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Laser Doppler perfusion monitoring and imaging technologies generate time traces and two-dimensional flow maps of the microcirculation. With the goal of reaching different tissue depths, these technologies are equipped with lassers operating at different wavelengths λ. The fact that the average scattering angle, at a single scattering event, between a photon and a red blood cell increases with λ is compensated for by a 1/λ effect in the scattering vector, rendering the average frequency shift virtually independent of the choice of wavelength. Monte Carlo simulations showed that the corresponding spectral signature of the Doppler signals for λ=632.8nm and 780nm were close to identical. The theoretical predictions were verified by calculating the centre-of-gravity (COG) frequency of the laser Doppler power spectral density for the two wavelengths from forearm and finger skin, representing a low and high perfusion area, respectively (forearm COG=123 against 121Hz, finger COG=220 against 212 Hz). When the wavelength changes from 632.8nm to 780nm, the heterodyne efficiency of the detector and, thereby, the inherent system amplifcation increase. For tissues with identical microvascular flow conditions, the output signal therfore tends to increase in magnitude when shifting to longer wavelengths.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 40, no 1, 85-89 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24544DOI: 10.1007/BF02347700Local ID: 6703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24544DiVA: diva2:244865