Patients with heart failure in primary health care: Effects of a nurse-led intervention on health-related quality of life and depression
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Heart Failure, ISSN 1388-9842, Vol. 7, no 3 SPEC. ISS., 393-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: To determine the effects of a nurse-led intervention designed to improve self-management of patients with heart failure in a primary health care setting regarding health-related quality of life and depression. Methods: Patients at eight primary health care centres were screened by the Diagnosis Related Groups registry for the diagnosis of heart failure and eligibility for a cluster randomised study. A total of 153 patients were included (n=78 in the intervention group, 54% males, mean age 79 years, 59% in New York Heart Association class III-IV). The intervention involved patient and family education about heart failure and self-management and monthly telephone follow-up during 12 months by a primary health care nurse. Results: The effects of the nurse-led intervention were limited. Significant differences were found in the physical dimension measured by the SF-36 health survey, and in depression measured by the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale. In comparison within groups at the 3 and 12-month follow-up, the intervention group significantly maintained their health-related quality of life measured by the SF-36 health survey, and their experience of depression measured by the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale to a greater extent than in the control group, especially among women. Conclusion: A nurse-led intervention directed toward patients with heart failure in a primary health care setting resulted in limited effects between the groups, although the physical and mental status were retained during 12 months of follow-up to a greater extent than in the control group. © 2004 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 7, no 3 SPEC. ISS., 393-403 p.
heart failure, nurse-led intervention, follow-up, self-management, primary health care, health-related quality of life
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24637DOI: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2004.01.016Local ID: 6823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24637DiVA: diva2:244959