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Comorbidity and myocardial dysfunction are the main explanations for the higher 1-year mortality in acute myocardial infarction with left bundle-branch block
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Cardiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Cardiology.
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2004 (English)In: Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, Vol. 110, no 14, 1896-1902 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background - The purpose of this study was to assess the independent contribution of left bundle-branch block (LBBB) on cause-specific 1-year mortality in a large cohort with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods and Results - We studied a prospective cohort of 88 026 cases of MI from the Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive care Admissions in 72 hospitals in 1995 to 2001. Long-term mortality was calculated by Cox regression analysis, adjusted for multiple covariates that affect mortality by calculation of a propensity score. LBBB was present in 9% (8041 of 88 026) of the MI admissions. Patients with LBBB were older and had a higher prevalence of comorbid conditions than patients with no LBBB. The unadjusted relative risk of death within 1 year was 2.16 (95% CI, 2.08 to 2.24, P<0.001) for LBBB (42%, 3350 of 8041) compared with those with no LBBB (22%, 17 044 of 79 011). After adjustment for a propensity score that takes into account differences in risk factors and acute intervention, LBBB was associated with a relative risk of death of 1.19 (95% CI, 1.14 to 1.24, P<0.001). In a subgroup of 11 812 patients for whom left ventricular ejection fraction was available and could be added to the analysis, the contributing relative risk of LBBB for death was only 1.08 (95% CI, 0.93 to 1.25, P=0.33). The most common cause of death in both groups was ischemic heart disease. Conclusions - MI patients with LBBB have more comorbid conditions and an increased unadjusted 1-year mortality. When adjusted for age, baseline characteristics, concomitant diseases, and left ventricular ejection fraction, LBBB does not appear to be an important independent predictor of 1-year mortality in MI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 110, no 14, 1896-1902 p.
Keyword [en]
bundle-branch block, mortality, myocardial infarction, patients, prognosis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24654DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000143136.51424.38Local ID: 6884OAI: diva2:244976
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2011-01-12

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Stenestrand, Ulf
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Faculty of Health SciencesCardiologyDepartment of Cardiology
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