Residual β-cell function more than glycemic control determines abnormalities of the insulin-like growth factor system in type 1 diabetes
2004 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 89, no 12, 6305-6309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The GH-IGF-I axis is disturbed in patients with type 1 diabetes. Our aim was to investigate whether abnormalities are found in patients in very good glycemic control and, if so, to estimate the role of residual β-cell function. Patients with hemoglobin A 1c (HbA 1c) less than 6% (reference range, 3.6-5.4%) were selected for the study. Twenty-two men and 24 women, aged 41.3 ± 13.8 yr (mean ± SD), with a diabetes duration of 17.8 ± 14.6 yr participated. Healthy controls (15 women and nine men), aged 41.3 ± 13.0 yr, were also studied. Overnight fasting serum samples were analyzed for HbA 1c, C peptide, free and total IGFs, IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), GH-binding protein, and IGFBP-3 proteolysis. HbA 1c was 5.6 ± 0.5% in patients and 4.4 ± 0.3% in controls. Total IGF-I was 148 ± 7 μg/liter in patients and 178 ± 9 μg/liter in controls (P < 0.001). Free IGF-I, total IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and GH-binding protein were lower, whereas IGFBP-1, IGFBP-1-bound IGF-I, and IGFBP-2 were elevated compared with control values. Patients with detectable C peptide (≥100 pmol/liter) had higher levels of total IGF-I, free IGF-I, and total IGF-II and lower levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 than those with an undetectable C peptide level despite having identical average HbA 1c. IGFBP-3 proteolysis did not differ between patients and controls. Despite very good glycemic control, patients with type 1 diabetes and no endogenous insulin production have low free and total IGF-I. Residual β-cell function, therefore, seems more important for the disturbances in the IGF system than good metabolic control per se, suggesting that portal insulin delivery is needed to normalize the IGF system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 89, no 12, 6305-6309 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24672DOI: 10.1210/jc.2004-0572Local ID: 6905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24672DiVA: diva2:244994