liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Bipolar disorder: I. Temperament and character
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Psychiatry.
Show others and affiliations
2004 (English)In: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, Vol. 82, no 1, 131-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The nature of the relationship between personality and bipolar affective disorders is an important but unanswered question. Methods: We have studied personality in bipolar patients by using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). TCI were administered to 100 euthymic bipolar patients and 100 controls from the normal population. Results: Bipolar patients were significantly higher in harm avoidance (HA) and lower in reward dependence (RD), self-directedness (SD), and cooperativeness (CO) than controls. Bipolar patients are more fatigable, less sentimental, more independent, less purposeful, less resourceful, less empathic, less helpful, less pure-hearted, and have less impulse control than controls. Bipolar II patients are more impulsive, more fatigable, less resourceful, and have less impulse control than bipolar I patients. Limitations: Our results are limited to euthymic bipolar patients and cannot be generalized to affective disorders. Conclusions: Even when clinically euthymic on lithium maintenance, bipolar patients continue to have a characteristic cognitive deficit. This is in agreement with cognitive theories about cognitive deficits in depression that are regarded as important vulnerability factors in mood disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 82, no 1, 131-134 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24736DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2003.09.004Local ID: 6987OAI: diva2:245059
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2011-01-12

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Brändström, Sven
By organisation
Faculty of Health SciencesPsychiatry
In the same journal
Journal of Affective Disorders
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 91 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link