Long-term effects of intracapsular partial tonsillectomy (tonsillotomy) compared with full tonsillectomy
2005 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, Vol. 69, no 4, 463-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To compare the long-term effects (six years after surgery) of two techniques for pediatric tonsil surgery with respect to snoring, apneas, eating difficulties, infections and general health. The two methods were intracapsular partial tonsillectomy (tonsillotomy, "TT") using CO 2-laser technique and traditional (total) blunt dissection tonsillectomy (TE). Study design: A questionnaire distributed by mail to the parents of children, who, in 1998, were included in a prospective clinical randomized study in one tertiary care ENT clinic. Method: A 10 question survey follow-up of 41 children, between 9 and 15 years of age, who originally, six years earlier had been randomized to either TT with CO2-laser (n = 21) or TE (n = 20). The main indication for the surgery was a history of sleep related breathing distress (SRBD). Before the present study, all of the children had participated in earlier follow-ups at six months and one year after surgery. Results: All the children in both groups answered the questionnaire. There were no significant differences between the answers from the two groups in any respects: the effect on snoring and apneas was equally stable for both groups. The number of children who remained free from snoring decreased from 40 after the first year to 25 after six years (11 TT, 14 TE). Snoring in the recurrent cases was not rated to be as frequent or as loud as before the surgery. Infections of the upper respiratory tract (URI) that had been treated with antibiotics occurred to the same extent in both groups. None had eating difficulties. The patients' satisfaction with the results of the surgery was high or very high in 18/21 TT and 20 TE cases, and the vast majority of the parents rated their children's present health status as improved compared with the preoperative condition. Conclusion: Tonsillotomy with CO2-laser seems to be a reliable method for tonsil surgery with substantially less primary morbidity than conventional tonsillectomy and with the same positive long-term effects after six years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 69, no 4, 463-469 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24739DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2004.11.010Local ID: 6990OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24739DiVA: diva2:245062