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Attitudes of nursing staff towards nutritional nursing care
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 17, no 3, 223-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fulfilling nutritional requirements in residents with eating problems can be a challenge for both the person in need of help and for the caregiver. In helping and supporting these residents, a positive attitude is assumed to be as important as practical skill. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that nutritional education and implementation of a nutritional programme would change the attitudes towards nutritional nursing care among nursing staff with daily experience of serving food and helping residents in municipal care. The study was carried out as a before and after experimental design. An attitude scale, staff attitudes to nutritional nursing care (SANN scale), was developed and used. The response on the scale gives a total SANN-score and scores in five underlying dimensions: self ability, individualization, importance of food, assessment and secured food intake. Nursing staff at eight different residential units (n = 176) responded to the attitude scale and, of these, staff at three of the units entered the study as the experimental group. After responding to the attitude scale, nutritional education was introduced and a nutritional programme was implemented in the experimental units. One year later, attitudes were measured a second time (n = 192). Of these, 151 had also responded on the first occasion. Education and implementation of a nutritional programme did not significantly change attitudes. Overall, nursing staff responded with positive attitudes towards nutritional nursing care. Most of the positive attitudes concerned items within the dimension importance of food. In contrast, items within self ability showed the lowest number of staff with positive attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 17, no 3, 223-231 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24815DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-6712.2003.00226.xLocal ID: 7101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24815DiVA: diva2:245138
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Malnutrition in elderly people in need of municipal care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Malnutrition in elderly people in need of municipal care
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to describe nutritional status in elderly people at the time of entering municipal care, to evaluate nutritional assessment techniques and to investigate the effect of a nutritional care plan. Furthermore the aim was to investigate the staffs' attitudes towards nutritional nursing care. A total of 261 residents, mean age 84 years (range 65-103 years), admitted to a community resident home in a municipality in the south of Sweden were included. At the same municipalities, 151 nursing staff responded to an attitude scale on two occasions with one year between.

During the first or second week after admission nutritional status was assessed using a combination of anthropometry and serum protein measurements as the criterion to define protein- energy malnutrition (PEM). This combination constituted the standard criterion when validity of the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were evaluated. In 40 residents assessed as non-PEM on admission health problems were measured by the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). To investigate the effect of a nutritional programme energy intake, anthropometry, serum protein measurements and functional capacity were assessed continuously during a five months period in 11 residents assessed as being PEM on admission. The nutritional programme consisted of meals based on individual energy requirements. An attitude scale was developed and used in order to measure whether the attitudes of nursing staff towards important issues within eating and nutrition changed after implementation of an educational programme.

On admission, 33% of 261 elderly people were assessed as being PEM. The frequency of pressure sores or leg ulcers, psychological stress or acute disease in the previous 3 months, reduced fluid intake, deteriorated appetite, reduced mobility, need of help during meals and gastrointestinal symptoms were significant higher in residents assessed as PEM compared with residents assessed as non-PEM. Both SGA and MNA proved to be useful in detecting residents objectively assessed as PEM. NHP, measuring health problems, showed power to predict residents at risk of malnutrition. Anthropometric measurements, serum protein concentration and functional capacity increased significantly in 11 residents assessed as PEM after 3 months on the individualised care programme. Nutritional education and implementation of a nutritional programme did not change the attitudes of nursing staff towards important nutritional issues.

In conclusion, at the time of entering municipal care a high frequency of residents assessed as PEM or at risk of PEM was found. The SGA and MNA were shown to be useful tools in detecting resident in need of nutritional attention. For early detection of residents at risk of malnutrition, measurement of health problems added important information. An individualised nutritional care programme was one useful approach to the improvement of nutritional status and functional capacity in residents assessed as PEM on admission. On the whole, nursing staff responded with positive attitudes towards nutritional nursing care. Nutritional education and implementation of a nutritional programme did not significantly change their attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 63 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 755
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-27471 (URN)12124 (Local ID)91-7373-197-8 (ISBN)12124 (Archive number)12124 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-11-22, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Christensson, LennartUnosson, MitraBachrach-Lindström, MargarethaEk, Anna-Christina

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Christensson, LennartUnosson, MitraBachrach-Lindström, MargarethaEk, Anna-Christina
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