Molecular heterogeneity of oligodendrocytes in chicken white matter
1999 (English)In: Glia, ISSN 0894-1491, E-ISSN 1098-1136, Vol. 27, no 1, 15-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The classical studies by Del Rio Hortega (Mem. Real. Soc. Espan. Hist. Nat. 14:40–122, 1928) suggest that the oligodendrocyte population includes four morphological subtypes. Recent data from the cat and the rat show that the anatomy of oligodendrocytes related to early myelinating prospective large fibers differs from that of oligodendrocytes related to late myelinating prospective small fibers. After application of a polyclonal antiserum to cryostat sections from the chicken CNS, we noted that glial cells in the spinal cord white matter had become labeled. Analysis of the occurrence and cellular localization of this immunoreactivity—the T4-O immunoreactivity—in the CNS of the adult chicken showed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are enriched in the ventral funiculus and superficially in the lateral funiculus of the spinal cord, where they are co-localized with large fibers. Double staining with T4-O antiserum and anti-GFAP or the lectin BSI-B4 revealed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are not astrocytes or microglia. Staining with anti-HSP108, a general marker for avian oligodendrocytes, showed that T4-O immunoreactivity defines an oligodendroglial subpopulation. A search for T4-O immunoreactivity in spinal cord white matter of some other vertebrates revealed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are not present in sections from fish, frog, turtle, rat, and rabbit spinal cord white matter. These results suggest the presence of a fiber size-related molecular heterogeneity among chicken white matter oligodendrocytes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 27, no 1, 15-21 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24854DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1136(199907)27:1<15::AID-GLIA2>3.0.CO;2-ILocal ID: 9254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24854DiVA: diva2:245177