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Molecular heterogeneity of oligodendrocytes in chicken white matter
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institue, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
1999 (English)In: Glia, ISSN 0894-1491, E-ISSN 1098-1136, Vol. 27, no 1, 15-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The classical studies by Del Rio Hortega (Mem. Real. Soc. Espan. Hist. Nat. 14:40–122, 1928) suggest that the oligodendrocyte population includes four morphological subtypes. Recent data from the cat and the rat show that the anatomy of oligodendrocytes related to early myelinating prospective large fibers differs from that of oligodendrocytes related to late myelinating prospective small fibers. After application of a polyclonal antiserum to cryostat sections from the chicken CNS, we noted that glial cells in the spinal cord white matter had become labeled. Analysis of the occurrence and cellular localization of this immunoreactivity—the T4-O immunoreactivity—in the CNS of the adult chicken showed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are enriched in the ventral funiculus and superficially in the lateral funiculus of the spinal cord, where they are co-localized with large fibers. Double staining with T4-O antiserum and anti-GFAP or the lectin BSI-B4 revealed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are not astrocytes or microglia. Staining with anti-HSP108, a general marker for avian oligodendrocytes, showed that T4-O immunoreactivity defines an oligodendroglial subpopulation. A search for T4-O immunoreactivity in spinal cord white matter of some other vertebrates revealed that T4-O immunoreactive cells are not present in sections from fish, frog, turtle, rat, and rabbit spinal cord white matter. These results suggest the presence of a fiber size-related molecular heterogeneity among chicken white matter oligodendrocytes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 27, no 1, 15-21 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24854DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-1136(199907)27:1<15::AID-GLIA2>3.0.CO;2-ILocal ID: 9254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24854DiVA: diva2:245177
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The type IV Oligodendrocyte: experimental studies on chicken white matter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The type IV Oligodendrocyte: experimental studies on chicken white matter
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In mammals, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is co-produced with insulin in pancreatic ß-cells. In the chicken, the expression of IAPP in the brain is more than 10-fold higher than in the pancreas. We made the fortuitous finding that a polyclonal rabbit antiserum raised against chicken IAPP did not recognise the immunogen, but labelled a subpopulation of oligodendroglia! cells in chicken white matter. The hitherto unknown antigen was called T4-O (Type 4 Oligodendrocyte) since it was localised to the Schwann cell-like Type IV oligodendrocyte of Del Rio-Hortega (1928). This formed a starting point for the present thesis, which is centred on the Type IV oligodendrocyte in chicken white matter.

Biochemical analysis of chicken spinal cord showed that the T4-O molecule is a protein with a molecular weight of approximately 100 kDa and an isoelectric point of about 4. Further characterisation has not yet been possible.

Immunohistochemical studies on frozen sections revealed that the white matter oligodendrocytes exhibit subpopulations expressing T4-O immunoreactivity strongly, weakly or not at all. Strongly T4-O immunoreactive (IR) oligodendrocytes are co-localised with thick myelinated fibres in the ventral (VF) and lateral funiculi of the spinal cord. A corresponding T4-O immunoreactivity is not found in the fish, the frog, the turtle, the rat and the rabbit.

To find out when the T4-0 antigen first appears during development we examined sections from embryonic and post-hatching chicken spinal cords by immunohistochemistry. This showed that the T4-O molecule is first expressed in the VF at embryonic day (E)15, after which the number of IR cells increases with age. Oligodendrocytes cultivated in vitro without or with neurons do not develop a T4-O IR phenotype.

These findings called for a closer analysis of the structural development of chicken VF white matter. Electron microscopic (EM) examination revealed a developmental sequence of events principally similar to the development of mammalian white matter, but with a more rapid time course. As seen in the electron microscope the first compact myelin has appeared by E12, when most oligodendrocytes are multipolar. By E15 it seems that these cells have developed a Type IV phenotype, possibly by eliminating some sheaths.

Histochemical analysis of Vibratome sections showed that Marchi-positive myelinoid bodies are enriched in white matter areas containing many T4-O IR oligodendrocytes and many large myelinated axons.

Examination of the three-dimensional (3D) anatomy of early VF oligodendrocytes in Vibratome slices after 04 labelling or after intracellular injection of a fluorescent dye revealed that these units indeed are Schwann cell-like, with a start length of around 50 µm. We also found that these sheaths expand very rapidly, reaching lengths exceeding 200 µm in three days (E12- E15). The 3D data conformed to our EM evidence that the early oligodendrocytes develop a unipolar Schwann cell-like Type IV anatomy through elimination of some sheaths.

To my knowledge the present observations represent the first evidence for an oligodendroglia! heterogeneity in the chicken spinal cord. Differences among oligodendrocytes might, conceivably, explain why inherited disorders of myelin metabolism such as Krabbe's disease, affect some CNS areas more than others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 96 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 720
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25545 (URN)9992 (Local ID)91-7373-162-5 (ISBN)9992 (Archive number)9992 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-03-08, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Anderson, Emma S.Westermark, GunillaHildebrand, Claes

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