Dissecting a cyanobacterial proteolytic system: Efficiency in inducing degradation of the D1 protein of photosystem II in cyanobacteria and plants
2003 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, Vol. 1607, no 2-3, 131-140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A chromatography fraction, prepared from isolated thylakoids of a fatty acid desaturation mutant (Fad6/desAKmr) of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis 6803, could induce an initial cleavage of the D1 protein in Photosystem II (PSII) particles of Synechocystis 6803 mutant and Synechococcus 7002 wild type as well as in supercomplexes of PSII-light harvesting complex II of spinach. Proteolysis was demonstrated both in darkness and in light as a reduction in the amount of full-length D1 protein or as a production of C-terminal initial degradation fragments. In the Synechocystis mutant, the main degradation fragment was a 10-kDa C-terminal one, indicating an initial cleavage occurring in the cytoplasmic DE-loop of the D1 protein. A protein component of 70-90 kDa isolated from the chromatographic fraction was found to be involved in the production of this 10-kDa fragment. In spinach, only traces of the corresponding fragment were detected, whereas a 24-kDa C-terminal fragment accumulated, indicating an initial cleavage in the lumenal AB-loop of the D1 protein. Also in Synechocystis the 24-kDa fragment was detected as a faint band. An antibody raised against the Arabidopsis DegP2 protease recognized a 35-kDa band in the proteolytically active chromatographic fraction, suggesting the existence of a lumenal protease that may be the homologue DegP of Synechocystis. The identity of the other protease cleaving the D1 protein in the DE-loop exposed on the stromal (cytoplasmic) side of the membrane is discussed. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 1607, no 2-3, 131-140 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24857DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2003.09.007Local ID: 9258OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24857DiVA: diva2:245180