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Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Regulate the Expression of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein-3, -4, and -5 in Large Vessel Endothelial Cells
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2000 (English)In: Endocrinology, ISSN 0013-7227, E-ISSN 1945-7170, Vol. 141, no 6, 2062-2067 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated the effect of diabetes-associated growth factors on the expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in cultured endothelial cells from bovine aorta. Gene expression was measured by solution hybridization, and proteins were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, RIA, or Western blot. The cells expressed messenger RNA (mRNA) for IGFBP-2 through -6 and IGFBP-2 through -5 proteins were detected in conditioned medium. Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibited IGFBP-3 mRNA (P < 0.01) and protein expression and increased IGFBP-5 mRNA (P < 0.001) and protein. Transforming growth factor-β1 inhibited IGFBP-3 (P < 0.01), IGFBP-4 (P < 0.01), and IGF-I mRNA expression, whereas at the protein level only IGFBP-3 was significantly decreased. IGF-I, insulin, or angiotensin II did not affect IGF-I or IGFBP mRNA expression. At the protein level, IGF-I clearly increased IGFBP-5 levels in conditioned medium. In conclusion, vascular endothelial growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 regulate IGFBP expression in bovine aortic endothelial cells. These observations provide a new aspect of regulation for the IGF-system in macrovascular endothelium, with possible implications for subendothelial smooth muscle cells and development of diabetic angiopathy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 141, no 6, 2062-2067 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24909DOI: 10.1210/en.141.6.2062Local ID: 9312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24909DiVA: diva2:245232
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Action and interaction of growth factors and regulatory molecules in vascular cells: With special reference to the IGF-I-system
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Action and interaction of growth factors and regulatory molecules in vascular cells: With special reference to the IGF-I-system
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Vascular function is greatly influenced by growth factors and regulatory molecules that can interact with each other in a complex pattern in the vascular wall. In this thesis we studied how different substances of special interest in the pathogenesis of vascular disease interact and regulate each other's expressions in endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs).

In VSMCs, angiotensin II was shown to delay PDGF-BB induced cell growth. This transient inhibitory effect of angiotensin II was mediated by the AT1-receptor, did not involve autocrine action of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and acted at a site downstream of PDGF-ß receptor phosphorylation.

The interaction of the insulin-like growth factor-system (IGF-system) with various growth factors, glucose and nitric oxide (NO) was studied in vascular cells. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) regulated the expression of insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in large vessel endothelial cells in a way that might cause an increased bioavailability of IGF-I locally in the subendothelial space. Angiotensin II, IGF-I and insulin did not affect IGFBP expression in these cells. The expression of IGFBPs was studied for the first time in human micro vessel endothelial cells. No effect of high glucose treatment on IGFBP expression was seen in either large vessel endothelial cells or microvessel endothelial cells. A possible interaction between NO and the IGF-system was studied in VSMCs. IGF-I did not have any significant effect on NO production in VSMCs and neither exogenous nor endogenous NO had any effect on IGFBP expression.

In conclusion, we found that angiotensin II interacts with PDGF-BB in the regulation of VSMC growth. The IGF-system is regulated by VEGF and TGF-ß1 in endothelial cells while no effect of angiotensin II, IGF-I, insulin or high glucose was seen. We found no evidence for interaction of NO and the IGF-system in VSMCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2000. 69 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 637
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25637 (URN)10011 (Local ID)91-7219-738-2 (ISBN)10011 (Archive number)10011 (OAI)
Public defence
2000-09-22, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Arnqvist, Hans J.

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