Immunolocalization of Cholecystokinin-2 Receptors in Rat Gastric Mucosa
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 37, no 9, 1017-1024 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Gastrin exerts trophic effects on the gastric mucosa by mechanisms not yet completely elucidated. Our aim was to localize the cholecystokinin-2 (CCK2) receptor in epithelial cells of foetal and adult rat stomachs in order to determine the cell types that are directly affected by gastrin.
METHODS: Gastric tissue was subjected to indirect double immunofluorescence staining with antiserum against the C-terminal decapeptide of the CCK2 receptor and antibodies against 5' bromo-2-deoxyuridine, which had been injected into the rats I h before they were killed, the acid pump H,K-ATPase, the membrane-cytoskeletal linker ezrin, pepsin/pepsinogen or histidine decarboxylase.
RESULTS: Undifferentiated foetal gastric epithelial cells expressed CCK2 receptors, whereas stem cells of adult gastric glands did not exhibit immunoreactivity. However, other epithelial cells in the progenitor zone of adult gastric glands did express CCK2 receptors. Some of these cells were faintly stained for H,K-ATPase; pepsin/pepsinogen was also detected in this region. Parietal cells in the isthmus/pit region of the glands contained ezrin, and some showed weak immunoreactivity for the CCK2 receptor. As expected, enterochromaffin-like cells also expressed CCK2 receptors.
CONCLUSION: Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that a CCK2 receptor mediates direct effects of gastrin on gastric epithelial cells during both stomach organogenesis and adult life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 37, no 9, 1017-1024 p.
Cck2, Receptor, Gastrin, Immunofluorescence, Organogenesis, Progenitor Zone, Stomach
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24956DOI: 10.1080/003655202320378194Local ID: 9367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24956DiVA: diva2:245280