liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Relationship of gastroscopic features to histological findings in gastritis and Helicobacter pylori infection in a general population sample
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
2003 (English)In: Endoscopy, ISSN 0013-726X, Vol. 35, no 11, 946-950 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and study aim: Various gastroscopic features may be interpreted as signs of gastritis, but the significance of such features in relation to histomorphology is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine how macroscopic findings were related to histomorphological changes and the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the gastric mucosa, in a sample of the general population. Subjects and methods: 488 adult individuals, randomly selected from a general population, were screened with gastroscopy and biopsy. The macroscopic features recorded were erythema (diffuse, spotty, linear), erosions, absence of rugae in the gastric corpus, and presence of visible vessels. Gastritis was classified microscopically according to the Sydney system. The presence of H. pylori was determined histologically and using the urease test on fresh biopsy specimens. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of absence of rugae for moderate to severe atrophic gastritis in the gastric corpus were 67% and 85%, respectively. Corresponding valuers for severe atrophy were 90% and 84%. The sensitivity and specificity of the presence of visible vessels for moderate to severe atrophy in the corpus were 48% and 87%, and for severe atrophy the values were 80% and 87%, respectively. Considering the antrum, the sensitivity and specificity of the presence of visible vessels for moderate to severe atrophy was 14% and 91%, respectively. With regard to chronic inflammation (moderate to severe in the corpus or antrum), none of the features, alone or in combination, showed a sensitivity of more than 56%. No endoscopic features (alone or in combination) showed a sensitivity of more than 57 % for H. pylori infection. Conclusions: Except for the absence of rugae and visible vessels in the gastric corpus, macroscopic features as observed during gastroscopy are of very limited value in the evaluation of whether or not gastritis or H. pylori infection are present. This is in accordance with most previous studies in patient populations, and it must be emphasized that the diagnosis of gastritis should be based on histological examination of the gastric mucosa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 35, no 11, 946-950 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24965DOI: 10.1055/s-2003-43479Local ID: 9376OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24965DiVA: diva2:245289
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2011-01-13
In thesis
1. Chronic Gastritis: Diagnosis, natural history and consequences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chronic Gastritis: Diagnosis, natural history and consequences
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background & alms: The main cause of chronic gastritis is Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Clinical manifestations of chronic gastritis are ulcer disease, gastric cancer and mucosa-associated lymphoma tissue (MALT) lymphoma in the stomach. It is uncertain whether gastritis can be diagnosed macroscopically at endoscopy. H. pylori infection may be diagnosed by several different methods, the accuracy of which needs to be explored. Some individuals with H. pylori related chronic gastritis will develop atrophy of the gastric mucosa. This condition is the main risk factor for cancer development and may also be associated with vitamin B12 deficiency leading to hyperhomocysteinaemia. The natural history of chronic gastritis in terms of development of atrophy and ulcer disease in the adult general population is largely unknown.

Material & methods: A sample of 50 I volunteers from the general population in the municipality of Linköping was examined with esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) with biopsy. Blood samples were collected in the fasting state and the subjects answered a questionnaire about lifestyle factors, medications and disease history. In-hospital diagnoses and causes of death during follow-up of the population were extracted from local and national patient files. Re-examination was done in 314 subjects after a median follow-up interval of 8.4 years. Five diagnostic tests (serology UBT, RUT, culture and microscopic examination) for H. pylori infection were used at re-examination.

Results: The best values of sensitivity and specificity were for visible vessels in relation to microscopic presence of severe atrophy in the gastric corpus mucosa (80% and 87%, respectively). There was a positive relation of S-homocysteine to male gender, age, S-cystatin C (renal function), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677TT genotype and atrophic gastritis. Logistic regression analysis showed an association of S-homocysteine higher than 14.5 Ilmol/L to cardiovascular diseases (OR 2.05), but not to dementia overall.

The incidence ofulcer was 0.45 per 100 person years and was associated with weekly NSAID use, weekly alcohol consumption (OR 19.4) and smoking (OR 31.0), but not with H. pylori status. Among subjects with chronic gastritis, the incidence of atrophy of the corpus mucosa was 1.4 per 100 person years. Considering diagnostic test for H. pylori infection the accuracy was 0.86 for serology, 0.94 for UBT, 0.94 for RUT, 0.93 for culture, and 0.93 for histological examination. There was a strong correlation between the results of UBT and the histological scores of H. pylori colonisation as well as between the results of UBT and scores of RUT.

Conclusions: The occurrence of chronic gastritis or H. pylori infection is not evaluable macroscopically at gastroscopy, except for the absence of rugae or visible vessels in the gastric corpus mucosa. Serum Hcy concentrations are dependent on gender, age, the levels of vitamin B12 and folate, renal function, the occurrence of atrophic gastritis and the MTHFR 677 TT genotype. Elevated S-Hcy is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The incidence of atrophy of the corpus mucosa is 1.4 per 100 person years for chronic gastritis overall. Chronic gastritis with or without H. pylori infection is a variable process in which milder degrees of atrophy of the corpus mucosa may appear or disappear. In contrast, moderate-to-severe atrophy of the corpus mucosa rarely regresses. Age and the degree of chronic inflammation in the gastric corpus mucosa are major risk factors for the development of atrophy. The incidence of ulcer was 0.45 per 100 person years. There are only minor differences in accuracy between the three invasive tests for H. pylori infection. The UBT is recommended for situations where endoscopy is not required. RUT may be recommended as the first non-invasive method of choice in the diagnosis of H. pylori infection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 72 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1174
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56575 (URN)978-91-7393-426-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-11, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-25 Created: 2010-05-25 Last updated: 2012-05-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Redéen, StefanBorch, Kurt

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Redéen, StefanBorch, Kurt
By organisation
Faculty of Health SciencesSurgeryDepartment of Surgery in Östergötland
In the same journal
Endoscopy
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 361 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf