Diagnosis of gastritis by means of a combination of serological analyses
2002 (English)In: Clinica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0009-8981, Vol. 320, no 1-2, 17-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Gastroscopy and examination of biopsy is normally required for diagnosis of gastritis. This is costly and inconvenient for the patient, and there is a need for a simple pregastroscopic screening method to reduce the endoscopy workload. Our aim was to develop a serological screening test for gastritis. Methods: Sera from subjects examined with gastroscopy and biopsy were analyzed for H,K-ATPase antibodies, Helicobacter pylori antibodies and pepsinogen I. The diagnoses were normal gastric mucosa (n=50), duodenal ulcer (n=53) and atrophic corpus gastritis, with (n=50) or without pernicious anemia (n=46). Results: An evaluation scheme was constructed to optimize the diagnostic agreement between serology and gastric mucosal morphology. The sensitivity to detect gastritis was 98% (146/149) (95% CI 94-100%) and the specificity 84% (42/50) (95% CI 71-93%). Additional sera from 483 subjects from the general population were analyzed. There was a good agreement between serology and gastric mucosal morphology. Conclusions: Assays of multiple serum analytes are useful for the initial screening of gastritis. They are complementary to upper gastroscopy by identification of subjects with a normal gastric mucosa, those who qualify for eradication of H. pylori, and those who have developed atrophy and are at risk of developing malignancy and, therefore, require gastroscopic examination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 320, no 1-2, 17-27 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24969DOI: 10.1016/S0009-8981(02)00040-2Local ID: 9380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24969DiVA: diva2:245293