Retrograde tracing and neuropeptide immunohistochemistry of sensory neurones projecting to the cartilaginous distal femoral epiphysis of young rats
2000 (English)In: Cell and Tissue Research, ISSN 0302-766X, E-ISSN 1432-0878, Vol. 299, no 2, 193-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although cartilage is considered to be devoid of innervation, axons occur in the perichondrium and during development in cartilage canals, thereby having a relatively close spatial relationship to chondroblasts and chondrocytes. The present study locates the source of the sensory innervation of the femoral cartilaginous epiphyses of young rats and investigates whether the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) can influence chondrocytes. Retrograde tracing from the distal femoral epiphysis of young rats with Fast Blue (FB) showed labelled neuronal profiles in the L2-L5 dorsal root ganglia. Sample countings indicated that 50% of the FB-labelled neuronal profiles were located at the L3 level and 25% at the L4 level. The labelled neurones had diameters of 15-40 µm, with a peak at 25-30 µm. Immunohistochemistry showed that about 50% of the FB-labelled profiles contained CGRP. Together with the finding that CGRP influences bone cells to generate the second messenger cAMP, this result suggested the hypothesis that chondrocytes might be similarly influenced by CGRP. However, stimulation of cartilage slices with CGRP in vitro followed by an assay of the cAMP content did not provide support for this hypothesis. We conclude that primary sensory neurones containing CGRP project to the perichondrium and to cartilage canals of growing cartilage, and that exogenous CGRP does not elevate the cAMP content of cartilage slices in vitro.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 299, no 2, 193-200 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24999DOI: 10.1007/s004410050017Local ID: 9419OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-24999DiVA: diva2:245323