Symptoms and reflux competence in relation to anatomical findings at reoperation after laparoscopic total fundoplication
2002 (English)In: European Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1102-4151, Vol. 168, no 12, 701-706 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate the mechanisms and anatomical failures after total laparoscopic fundoplication using the symptoms and findings at reoperation.
Prospective open study.
University hospital, Sweden.
Twenty-one patients who were reoperated on a median of 33 (0.5-102) months after laparoscopic fundoplication.
The patients were divided into three groups according to the mode of presentation. The first group presented with dysphagia and no gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) (n = 6). The second group (n = 11) had recurrent GOR and the third group (n = 4) complained of a sense of excessive fullness.
In the dysphagia group the reason for it in 4 patients was severe fibrosis in the hiatal region including the right part of the fundoplication. One patient had correctly located fundoplication but it was too tight. In the last patient the part of the stomach used was too low down. All patients in the GOR group had a slippage and rupture of the fundoplication. Ten patients also had a recurrent hernia. In 6/11 patients the fundal mobilisation was incomplete. In the last group (excessive fullness) one patient had a postoperative leak from the fundal part, one patient a para-oesophageal hernia, and one patient an intact but herniated repair. One further patient had an intact abdominal oesophagus and crural repair, but a large portion of the stomach had herniated through the left part of the fundoplication and acted as a volvulus.
Dysphagia was caused by hiatal fibrosis or other technical failures rather than a normal tight fundoplication. Using the wrong part of the stomach causes recurrent heartburn. The laparoscopic suturing technique must be improved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 168, no 12, 701-706 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25025PubMedID: 15362579Local ID: 9446OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25025DiVA: diva2:245351