The influence of nitric oxide on basal and cholecystokinin-8-induced proliferation and apoptosis in the rat pancreas
2002 (English)In: Regulatory Peptides, ISSN 0167-0115, E-ISSN 1873-1686, Vol. 106, no 1-3, 97-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nitric oxide (NO) is formed by different cell types in the pancreas. In this study, inhibition of endogenous nitric oxide by Nω-nitro-l-arginine (l-NNA) reduced the urinary excretion of NO2/NO3 and raised serum l-arginine and the NO donator S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) increased the urinary excretion of NO2/NO3. The peptide cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) has a strong influence on exocrine pancreatic proliferation. Rat pancreas was excised and studied with regard to tissue weight, protein and DNA contents after 3 days of treatment with saline, l-NNA or SNAP given separately or combined with CCK-8. Further, proliferation of different pancreatic cells was studied with [3H]-thymidine incorporation and apoptotic activity was studied by analysing caspase-3 activity and histone-associated DNA fragments. The effects of l-NNA indicate that endogenous nitric oxide formation has a tonic inhibition on apoptosis in the pancreas during both basal condition and growth stimulation by CCK-8. In CCK-induced hyperplasia, NO inhibits the proliferation of acinar cells but stimulates ductal cells. Endogenous NO may regulate the balance between proliferation and apoptosis and in a situation of growth stimulation by CCK-8, it has a tonic inhibition on both mitogenesis and apoptosis thus slowing down the acinar cell turnover in the pancreas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 106, no 1-3, 97-104 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25029DOI: 10.1016/S0167-0115(02)00056-3Local ID: 9452OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25029DiVA: diva2:245355