Dynorphin mRNA-expressing neurons in the rat paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus project to the spinal cord
2000 (English)In: Neuroscience Letters, ISSN 0304-3940, E-ISSN 1872-7972, Vol. 285, no 3, 161-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The opioid peptide dynorphin is important for the regulation of neuronal activity in the spinal cord. Because dynorphin is produced by neurons throughout the neuraxis, there are many putative sources for spinal dynorphin fibers, in addition to those originating from spinal cord neurons. Using a sensitive double-labeling technique combining in situ hybridization and tract tracing, the present study demonstrates that the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVH) of adult naı̈ve male Sprague–Dawley rats contains large numbers of dynorphin mRNA-producing cells with projections to the spinal cord. Thus, more than 40% of the spinally projecting neurons in PVH were found to express dynorphin mRNA. This novel finding suggests that the PVH is a major source of spinal dynorphin that may be of importance for the processing of pain and visceral information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 285, no 3, 161-164 p.
Preprodynorphin, Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, In situ hybridization, Retrograde labeling, Parvocellular, Descending
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25043DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(00)01093-4Local ID: 9469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25043DiVA: diva2:245369