Fibroblast-like cells from rat plantar skin and neurotrophin-transfected 3T3 fibroblasts influence neurite growth from rat sensory neurons in vitro
2001 (English)In: Journal of Neurocytology, ISSN 0300-4864, E-ISSN 1573-7381, Vol. 29, no 9, 653-663 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Our previous finding that skin-derived and muscle-derived molecules can be used to sort regenerating rat sciatic nerve axons evoked questions concerning neuron-target interactions at the level of single cells, which prompted the present study. The results show that dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons co-cultured with fibroblast-like skin-derived cells emit many neurites. These have a proximal linear segment and a distal network of beaded branches in direct relation to skin-derived cells. Electron microscopic examination of such co-cultures showed bundles of neurites at some distance from the target cells and single profiles closely apposed to subjacent cells. RNase protection assay revealed that cultivated skin-derived cells express nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4). In co-cultures of DRG neurons and 3T3 fibroblasts overexpressing either of the neurotrophins produced by skin-derived cells the picture varied. NT-3 transfected 3T3 fibroblasts gave a growth pattern similar to that seen with skin-derived cells. Neurons co-cultured with mock-transfected 3T3 fibroblasts were small and showed weak neurite growth. In co-cultures with a membrane insert between skin-derived cells or 3T3 fibroblasts and DRG neurons few neurons survived and neurite growth was very sparse. We conclude that skin-derived cells stimulate neurite growth from sensory neurons in vitro, that these cells produce NGF, BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4 and that 3T3 fibroblasts producing NT-3 mimic the effect of skin-derived cells on sensory neurons in co-culture. Finally the results suggest that cell surface molecules are important for neuritogenesis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 29, no 9, 653-663 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25082DOI: 10.1023/A:1010883320683Local ID: 9512OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25082DiVA: diva2:245408