Ethyl glucuronide concentrations in two successive urinary voids from drinking drivers: Relationship to creatinine content and blood and urine ethanol concentrations
2003 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 133, no 1-2, 86-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The concentrations of alcohol in blood (BAC) and two successive urine voids (UAC) from 100 drunk drivers were compared with the concentration of ethyl glucuronide (EtG), a minor metabolite of ethanol in urine, and the urinary creatinine content as an indicator of dilution. The subjects consisted of 87 men with mean age 42.2 ▒ 14.2 years (▒standard deviation, S.D.) and 13 women with mean age 42.5 ▒ 14.4 years. Ethanol was measured in blood and urine by headspace gas chromatography (GC) and EtG was determined in urine by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The mean UAC was 2.53 ▒ 1.15g/l for first void compared with 2.35 ▒ 1.17g/l for second void, decreasing by 0.18 ▒ 0.24g/l on average (P < 0.001 in paired t-test). The ratios of UAC/BAC were 1.35 ▒ 0.25 for first void and 1.20 ▒ 0.16 for second void and the difference of 0.15 ▒ 0.27 was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The UAC/BAC ratio was not correlated with creatinine content of the urine specimens, whereas the concentration of urinary EtG was positively correlated with creatinine (r=0.64 for first void and r=0.62 for second void). The UAC was not correlated with urinary EtG directly (r=-0.03 for first void and r=0.08 for second void) but after adjusting for the relative dilution of the specimens (EtG/creatinine ratio) statistically significant positive correlations were obtained (r=0.58 for first void and r=0.57 for second void). The dilution of the urine, as reflected in creatinine content, is important to consider when EtG measurements are interpreted. The excretion of EtG in urine, like glucuronide conjugates of other drugs, is influenced by diuresis. EtG represents a sensitive and specific marker of acute alcohol ingestion with applications in clinical and forensic medicine. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 133, no 1-2, 86-94 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25131DOI: 10.1016/S0379-0738(03)00053-7Local ID: 9564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25131DiVA: diva2:245457