The effect of hypermetabolism induced by burn trauma on the ethanol-oxidizing capacity of the liver
1999 (English)In: Critical Care Medicine, ISSN 0090-3493, E-ISSN 1530-0293, Vol. 27, no 12, 2622-2625 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To study the rate of elimination of ethanol after a major burn trauma.
Design: Prospective, controlled study.
Setting: National burns unit in a Swedish university hospital.
Patients and Subjects: Eight consecutive patients suffering from 18%-72% total burned surface area and nine healthy male control subjects.
Interventions: The patients received ethanol, 0.35-0.60 g/kg body weight intravenously, during 1 hr. This was repeated daily during the first week postburn. The control subjects received the same amount of ethanol once.
Measurements and Main Results: Blood samples were drawn at 20- to 30-min intervals during 5 hrs after the start of the infusion. Serum ethanol was determined by headspace gas chromatography. The rate of elimination of ethanol was calculated from the concentration time profile. In the control subjects, the median elimination rate was 0.074 g/kg/hr (range, 0.059-0.083 g/kg/hr). In the patients, it was already 0.138 g/kg/hr (range, 0.111-0.201 g/kg/hr) on the first day; this increased even further over the following 6 days, reaching 0.183 g/kg/hr (range, 0.150-0.218 g/kg/hr) on the seventh day.
Conclusions: Ethanol elimination is augmented postburn. A more effective reoxidation of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide seems the most likely explanation for the increased rate of ethanol elimination in these hypermetabolic trauma patients. This finding suggests that the oxidative capacity of the liver may be assessed by studying the rate of ethanol elimination in burn victims.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 27, no 12, 2622-2625 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25135Local ID: 9568OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25135DiVA: diva2:245461