Early Identification of Permanent Myocardial Damage after Coronary Surgery is Aided by Repeated Measurements of CK-MB
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, Vol. 36, no 1, 35-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective - ECG diagnosis of myocardial infarction after cardiac surgery is associated with major pitfalls and enzyme diagnosis is interfered by unspecific elevation unrelated to permanent myocardial injury. Sustained release of troponin-T is a marker of permanent myocardial injury if renal function is maintained. However, early identification of perioperative myocardial infarction is desirable and therefore the usefulness of creatine kinase monobasic (CK-MB) kinetics to detect myocardial injury early after coronary surgery was investigated.
Design - Two hundred and eighty-six patients undergoing coronary surgery were studied with respect to release of enzymes and troponin-T preoperatively and postoperatively 3 and 8 h after unclamping the aorta, and every morning postoperative days 1-4.
Results - CK-MB peak was found at 3 h ( n = 145), 8 h ( n = 103) and 16-20 h after unclamping ( n = 38). Depending on when the CK-MB peak was recorded different demographic and perioperative characteristics were found. A sustained release of troponin-T was characteristic for the group with the CK-MB peak at 16-20 h after unclamping.
Conclusion - If CK-MB is measured only once it may be advisable to do it on the first postoperative morning as these measurements provided the best discrimination between patients with and without sustained elevation of troponin-T. However, repeated sampling provides additional information that aids in the early identification of permanent myocardial injury particularly in patients with borderline elevations of CK-MB.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 36, no 1, 35-40 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25193DOI: 10.1080/140174302317282366Local ID: 9632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25193DiVA: diva2:245520
On the day of the defence day the status of this article was submitted.2009-10-072009-10-072012-09-06Bibliographically approved