Changes in Glycosylation of Human Bile-Salt-Stimulated Lipase during Lactation
2000 (English)In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, E-ISSN 1096-0384, Vol. 377, no 2, 246-254 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bile-salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL) is an enzyme in human milk, which is important for the fat digestion in the newborn infant. BSSL is highly glycosylated and includes one site for N-glycosylation and several sites for O-glycosylation. BSSL has previously been found to express Lewis a, Lewis b, and Lewis x carbohydrate antigens. In this study, glycosylation of BSSL was studied at different times during lactation. BSSL was purified from milk collected individually from four donors at several different times during the first 6 months of lactation. The BSSL glycans were characterized through monosaccharide analysis, high-pH anion-exchange chromatography, matrix-assisted laser desorption–ionization mass spectrometry, and ELISA. Both total carbohydrate content and relative amount of sialic acid were higher in BSSL from the first lactation month as compared to BSSL from milk collected later in lactation. BSSL from the first lactation month also showed a different composition of sialylated O-linked glycans and the N-linked oligosaccharides consisted of lower amounts of fucosylated structures compared to later in lactation. We also found a gradual increase in the expression of the carbohydrate epitope Lewis x on BSSL throughout the lactation period. This study shows that glycosylation of BSSL is dependent on blood group phenotype of the donor and changes substantially during the lactation period.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 377, no 2, 246-254 p.
bile-salt-stimulated lipase, glycosylation, Lewis x, human milk
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25198DOI: 10.1006/abbi.2000.1778Local ID: 9637OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25198DiVA: diva2:245525