Hypoglycaemic neuropathy in diabetic BB/Wor rats treated with insulin implants affects ventral root axons but not dorsal root axons
2000 (English)In: Acta Neuropathologica, ISSN 0001-6322, E-ISSN 1432-0533, Vol. 100, no 4, 415-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is believed that hyperglycaemia underlies diabetic neuropathy. However, low blood glucose values may also cause pathological changes in peripheral nerves and in neuronal perikarya. This study examined spinal roots, dorsal root ganglia and the ventral horn at the segmental level L5 in long-term insulin-treated eu-/hypoglycaemic diabetic rats with an obvious plantar nerve pathology. The purpose was to determine whether hypoglycaemic neuropathy affects sensory and/or motor neurons at root and/or perikaryal levels. Electron microscopic examination of dorsal roots from eu-/hypoglycaemic rats showed a normal qualitative morphology and normal numbers of unmyelinated and myelinated axons. In ventral roots the picture varied. Whereas two rats exhibited an essentially normal morphology, three rats presented moderate or marked signs of pathology such as clusters of small and medium-sized myelinated axons, medium-sized myelinated axons with abnormally thin sheaths, large unmyelinated axons and signs of past or ongoing axonal degeneration. Light microscopic examination of the L5 dorsal root ganglion and ventral horn showed a qualitatively normal picture in eu-/hypoglycaemic rats and the mean number of large ventral horn neurons per section was normal. These results suggest that the type of eu-/hypoglycaemia examined here affects ventral root axons but not dorsal root axons, that the degree of ventral root pathology is variable and that sensory and motor neuron perikarya do not appear to be affected.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 100, no 4, 415-420 p.
Hypoglycaemia, Neuropathy, Spinal roots, Dorsal root ganglion, Ventral horn
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25276DOI: 10.1007/s004010000204Local ID: 9716OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25276DiVA: diva2:245604