Cortical blood flow autoregulation revisited using laser Doppler perfusion imaging
2002 (English)In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 176, no 4, 255-262 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Methods of laser Doppler perfusion monitoring (LDPM) and imaging (LDPI) have been validated and found useful for measurements of brain blood flow in several studies. The present work was undertaken to examine the cortical blood flow autoregulatory phenomenon as it has lately been questioned and claimed to be method-dependent and related to sample volume. Spatial variations in cerebral cortical blood flow (CBFcortex) in the pressure range 20–140 mmHg (static cerebral autoregulation; caval block/angiotensin infusion) were studied in six mechanically ventilated (hypocapnic, normocapnic and hypercapnic) pigs anaesthetized with propofol and fentanyl. Although the cortical blood flow values sampled were highly heterogeneously distributed, they were strongly pressure-dependent as well as CO2-dependent (P < 0.001). A cumulative cerebral blood flow (CBF)–pressure (MAP) plot comprising all values obtained indicated a pressure range between 70 and 120 mmHg where CBF remained almost constant. However, at the local level in the cortex (mm2) the same type of ‘classic’ autoregulatory flow : pressure graphs (FPG) were found in only a few of the cases of the cortical areas examined (n = 96). Alterations in blood PaCO2 saturation did not affect the pressure : flow relationship at low perfusion pressures, whereas at normal or above normal values, and as anticipated, hypercapnia considerably increased CBF (P < 0.001). ‘Classic’ autoregulatory FPGs were found only when all values sampled were clustered together, whereas, as a new finding, data are presented indicating that autoregulatory capacity is lacking at the local level at some cortical surface areas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 176, no 4, 255-262 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25358DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.2002.01034.xLocal ID: 9800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25358DiVA: diva2:245687