Environmental and economic conditions for landfill mining
2009 (English)In: 2009 ISIE Conference: 5th International Conference on Industrial Ecology: Transition Towards Sustainability, 2009, 189- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
"At the conference we would like to present selected results from an ongoing research project
aiming to address the environmental and economic potentials of landfill mining (LFM) in Sweden. LFM means the excavation processing treatment or recycling of waste that over the years have been dumped in waste deposits. In the first part of the presentation the environmental potential of LFM on the national scale of Sweden will be quantified in terms of selected impact categories (global warming potential material and energy resource flows etc.). Preliminary results show that this overall potential is huge and could for instance lead to avoided climate gas emissions corresponding to 4–5 times the annual Swedish emissions. Critical factors (efficiency of waste technology transportation distances etc.) determining to what extent such potentials can be realised in practice i.e. in specific LFM–projects will then be discussed. The second and final part of the presentation will solely focus on conditions for realisation. Here we will discuss under what circumstances LFM is profitable and contributes to economic growth. Our ongoing research show that only the raw material value of Swedish waste deposits is beyond 10 billion Euros (€). However no matter how large the economic potential appears on the national scale the realisation of LFM will always be done by actors on the project level. For these individual companies benefits must simply outweigh the costs. There are however many factors that may influence the profitability of specific projects such as revenues for recovered materials efficiency of technology environmental taxes and waste disposal fees labour regulatory compliance expenses and so on. We will categorise such factors into a few critical drivers enablers and barriers for implementation of LFM and discuss them in terms of technology legislation and market interactions."
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. 189- p.
Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25561OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-25561DiVA: diva2:245909